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Practical Idealism - English Translation I The Return of Sol 


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PRACTICAL IDEALISM - 
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Editor's note 

In my travels across the Internet, I have not found an English translation of an important 
work by a man many consider to be the Father of Modern day Europe entitled Practical 
Idealism. This book was written by Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi about the 
direction that modern Europe should take. 

When reading this work, there are several things that you should note. This work was 
translated using Google Translate which produced fairly good results. Needless to say, 
the reader should at least be able to understand the point that Kalergi makes in the 
book. A problem has been encountered in the translation of the more archaic phrasing of 
the book which has left these phrases and certain words in German. This does not affect 
the overall readability of the text and even in places where this is the case, this is not 
too big of an issue. 

The second note once again surrounds the fact that this is a Google Translation project. I 
have clarified some small parts of this text, however my edit of the text is ongoing. This 
means that some sections will appear more readable than others. For those who 
understand how German as well as most other languages work, at times elements of the 
phrasing appear to be inverted when translated into English. Some passages of the text 
do not flow quite as well without having greater edits put into them. I have chosen to 
keep the page numbers within the Book and these are indicated in brackets for simplicity 
of referencing should the reader desire. 

With all this being said, this translation is readable and gets the point of his argument 
across in its different sections. This is an important work for those who wish to 
understand the mindset behind at least one prominent figure within the Pan-European 
movement. I hope that the readers find its contents enlightening. 

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Practical Idealism - English Translation I The Return of Sol 


R. N. COUDENHOVE KALERGI - PRACTI CAL I DEALI SM 
FOREWORD 

Practical Idealism is heroism; practical materialism is hedonism. Who does not believe in 
an Ideal has no reason to act perfect, or to fight for ideals and to suffer. This is because 
he knows and recognizes only a single value: the desire, just one evil: the Pain. Heroism 
is to believe and commit to an ideal: the belief that there are higher Values rather than 
greater evils such as pleasure and pain. This contradiction runs through the whole of 
human history, it is the antithesis of Epicureans and Stoics. This contrast is much deeper 
than that between theists and Atheists: for there were Epicureans, who believed in gods, 
as Epicurus himself, and there was Idealists who were atheists, like Buddha. So this is 
not about belief in gods - but the belief in values. Materialism is presuppositionless - but 
unimaginative and uncreative. Idealism is always problematic and often becomes 
entangled in nonsense and madness: yet Humanity owes to it their greatest works and 
deeds. 

* 

Heroism aristocracy of spirit. 

Heroism is the aristocratic ideal related to materialism with the democratic [III] tables. 
Democracy also believes in number as a value, more to luck than to size. 

So political democracy can be fruitful and creative only if the Pseudo-aristocracy of the 
name and of gold are smashed, to be replaced by a new Aristocracy of mind and spirit to 
ever give birth again. The ultimate meaning of political democracy is spiritual aristocracy, 
she wants to Create both the materialists enjoyment and the idealists power. The leader 
should take the place of the ruler - the noble sense of the place of the noble name 
- The rich heart in place of the rich pocket. 

This is the meaning of development, which is called democratic. Any other meaning 
would be cultural suicide. It is no coincidence that Plato who is the prophet of the 
spiritual aristocracy and the socialist economy was also the father of idealist philosophy. 
This is because both aristocracy and socialism are: practical idealism. The ascetic 
idealism of the South manifested itself as a religion, the heroic idealism of the North as 
art. For, the nature of the North was a challenge to the people. Other tribes submitted to 
it, while the Europeans took up the challenge and fought. He fought until he was strong 
enough to subdue the earth. He fought until nature itself that 
had been challenged, was forced into his service. This fight demanded heroism and 
heroism was witnessed. So the hero was for what Europe the heating- [ I V] 

celled for Asia was, and the hero worship added the veneration of saints. The active Ideal 
took the place of the quiet, and it was greater an ideal to fight than to suffer. The point 
of this heroic world mission Europe has until the modern times quite grasped, because 
only with the modern technological age, his war of liberation against the winter has 
begun. This technological age is also the age of the work. The worker is the hero of our 
time; the opposite is not the other citizens - but the parasite. The aim of the worker is - 
Creation, the parasite - Enjoyment. That is why the modern-day technology and the 
heroism Arbeider is the practical idealist. 

* 

The political and social problems of the 20th Century: 

The technological progress of the 19 th has been obtained. This demand of the time is 


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made more difficult by the fact that the development of technology without a break in 
the rapid pace takes as the development of human and Humanity. This danger can be 
averted either by the humanity technical progress slows, or by accelerating social 
progress. Otherwise she loses her balance and overturns. The World War was a warning. 
Thus, Technology to people with the choice: suicide or understanding! Therefore, the 
development of the world in the coming decades will be unprecedented. The Today 
disproportion of technical [V] 

and social organization will either lead to devastating disasters - or to a political 
progress, the rapidity and thoroughness of all historical models behind leaves and opens 
a new page in human history. Since the technique of human impact force and the 
heroism is groundbreaking, begins the War play his historical role in the consciousness of 
mankind. His legacy is the Work. Humanity will organize a day to put together all the 
earth wrest what she still denies it today. Once this view by struggling to be any war be 
a civil war, and every murder a murder. The age of war is then also seem barbaric, as 
now, the age of cannibalism. This development will come when we believe in and fight 
for them, if we not are so short-sighted to lose the main lines of development of the 
eyes - even the farsighted, the practical obstacles and ways to overlook that between us 
and our objectives are: if we are clear-eyed and clear know about the upcoming fights 
and difficulties connected with the heroic will to overcome it. Only this optimism of the 
will shall complement the pessimism of knowledge and defeat. Instead to remain in the 
shackles of outmoded present and passively from better Opportunities to dream, so we 
want to take an active part in the development of world by practical idealism. 

Vienna, Nov., 1925. 

[VI] 

ADEL 1920 

The memory of my father 

Dr. HEINRICH GRAF COUDENHOVE-KALERGI 

in reverence and gratitude 

FIRST PART: OF RUSTIC AND URBAN PEOPLE 

1 COUNTRY MAN - MAN CITY 

Country and City are the two poles of human existence. Country and city testify their 
special types of people: the rustic and urban people. Urban Rustic man and man are 
psychological antipodes. Farmers of different Areas resemble each other more often 
emotionally as the citizens of the neighboring city. Between country and country, town 
and city is the space - between city and country time. Among European Rustic people 
living representatives of all ages: from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages, while only the 
world cities of the West, the ekstremsten the Urban type have produced, are 
representatives of modern civilization. As separate Centuries, often millennia, a city of 
flat land that surrounds them. The Urban Man thinks differently, judges differently, feels 
differently, acts differently than the Rustic man. The city life is abstract, mechanical, 
rational - the country life concretely organic, irrational. The city dweller is rationalistic, 
skeptical, unbelieving - the farmer emotionalistisch, religious, superstitious. [9] 

All thoughts and feelings of the farmer crystallized by nature, he lives in symbiosis with 
the animal, the living creature of God is united with its landscape, depending on weather 
and season. Focal point of urban soul, however, is the company: it lives in symbiosis 
with the machine, the dead creature of man makes it through to the city of man as 
independent of time and space, season and climate. The country man believes in the 
power of nature over man - man believes in the city the power of man over nature. The 
Rustic Man is a natural product, the Urban human social product, one sees the purpose, 
amount and top of the world in the cosmos, the other in humanity. The Rustic man is 


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conservative as nature - the Urban man advanced as the Society. All progress at all 
comes from cities and city dwellers. The Man About Town itself is mostly the product of 
a revolution within a rural race, with the its rustic tradition broke, moved to the big city 
and there a life on a new basis began. The city robbed its residents enjoy the natural 
beauty, as compensation offers providing them with art. Theater, concerts, galleries are 
surrogates for the eternal and changing Beauty of the landscape. After a full day's work 
ugliness that art institutions offer the townspeople beauty in concentrated form. I n the 
country they are easily dispensable. - Nature is the extensive, intensive art manifestation 
of beauty. The ratio of urban to nature to him [10] 

missing, is dominated by the longing, while the continuous nature of the rustic people 
Fulfillment. Therefore, she feels the townspeople mainly romantic, the classic country 
man. The social (Christian) morality is an urban phenomenon because it is a function of 
the human coexistence in society. The typical city dweller connects Christian Morality 
with irreligious skepticism, materialism and mechanistic rationalist atheism. The world 
view that results from this is socialism: the modern Urban religion. 

Christianity is for the rustic barbarians of Europe little more than a reprint of the Pagan 
mythology with modified and new superstitions; -is a true religion Belief in the nature of 
the force of fate. Urban and rural people do not know each other, distrust it and they 
misunderstand each other and live in veiled or outright hostility. There are many 
different tags, among which this basic opposition hides: Red and Green International, 
industrialism and Agrarianism, progress and reaction, J udaism and anti-Semitism. 

All cities derive their powers from the land, all the land draws its culture from the city. 
The country is the soil from which the cities renew, is the source that feeds it, and the 
Root from which they flourish. Cities grow and die: the land is eternal. [11] 

2 J unker - writer 

Rustic Flower of people is the country aristocrats, the J unkers. Urban is the flower of the 
people 

Intellectuals, the writer. Country and city have both witnessed their specific type of 
needle: needle is facing will Mental nobility noble blood into brain nobility. The typical 
J unker combines the maximum character with a minimum of intellect - the typical 
literary intellect with a maximum Minimum of character. Not always and everywhere 
lacked the landed gentry in mind, the city nobility of character, as England in modern 
times was the minstrels time of blood nobility in Germany a excellent cultural element, 
while on the other hand, the Catholic nobility of spirit and J esuit the Chinese intellectual 
aristocracy of the mandarins in their heyday as much character as spirit proved, j unker 
and writers culminate in the contrasts of rustic and urban people. Typical Occupation of 
the J unker caste is the officer Occupation: typical profession of literary caste of J ob 
journalists. [12] 

The J unker officer remained, mentally and spiritually, at the stage of the knight. Hard on 
himself and others, dutiful, energetic, steadfast, conservative and limited, he lives in a 
world dynastic, militaristic, national and social prejudices. With a deep distrust against all 
things modern, against city, democracy, socialism, internationalism, he combines an 
equally deep faith in his blood, his honor, and the belief of his fathers. Fie despises the 
townspeople, especially the J ewish writers and journalists. The writer rushes ahead of 
his time; prejudice he represents modern ideas in politics, art, Economy. He is 
progressive, skeptical, witty, versatile, changeable, is Eudamonist, Rationalist, socialist, 
materialist. He overestimated the mind, body and character underestimated: and 
therefore despised the J unkers as backward barbarians. Nature of the J unkers rigidity of 
the will - is the essence of literary agility of mind. J unker and writer are born rivals and 
enemies: where the J unker caste prevails, must mind yield to force; reactionary in such 
times is the political influence of intellectuals eliminated or at least limited. There is the 


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literary caste violence has the Soft spirit: democracy triumphs over feudalism, socialism 
over militarism. Rooted hatred of the aristocracy and the will of the aristocracy of 
intellect Germany against each other the misunderstanding. Each sees only the dark side 
and the other is blind to their Benefits. The psyche of the J unkers, the rustic people, 
even high-literary remains forever closed; while almost all [13] 

Junkers, the soul of the intellectuals, the urban people, remains a stranger. Instead of 
the other learn to look the youngest lieutenant with disdain on the leading spirits in 
modern Literature down during the last angle journalist only superior for outstanding 
officers Feels contempt. Through this double misunderstanding foreign mentality has 
only the militaristic Germany the resistance of the urban masses against the war 
underestimated, then the revolutionary Germany the resistance of the masses rustic 
against the revolution. The country's leaders misjudged the psyche of the city and its 
inclination 

pacifism - the leaders of cities misjudged the psyche of the country people and their 
inclination to the reaction: so Germany has only lost the war, then the revolution. The 
contrast of the J unkers and the writer is due to the fact that these two types Extreme, 
are not high points of blood and nobility of mind. Because the highest kind nobility of 
blood is the grand seigneur, the nobility of the spirit genius. These two aristocrats are 
not only compatible: they are related. Caesar, the completion of the grand seigneur was 
the ingenious Romans; Goethe, the summit of genius, was of all German poets most 
Grand seigneur. Here, as everywhere, the Intermediate remove the most, while the 
Summit touch. The consummate aristocrat aristocrat is both the will and the mind, but 
neither J unker another writer. He combines vision with willpower. J udgment with vigor, 
spirit with Character. The absence of such synthetic personalities, so should the 
divergent [14] 

Complement aristocrats of the will and spirit to each other, rather than fight. I n Egypt, 
India, Chaldea once ruled priests and kings (intellectuals and warriors) together. The 
Priest bowed before the power of the will, the kings before the power of the Spirit: 
brains reported the targets arms paved the way. [15] 

3 GENTLEMAN - bohemian 

Blood and spirit nobility of Europe created their specific types: the noble blood of 
England Gentleman, the French nobility bohemian spirit. Gentleman and bohemians 
come together in an effort philistine the dreary ugliness To escape existence: the 
gentleman she overcomes by style, by Bohemiene Temperament. The gentleman is the 
formlessness of life form - the bohemians of the Drabness of life against color. The 
gentleman brings order into the disorder of human relationships - the bohemian in 
their freedom, freedom. The beauty of the ideal gentleman is based on form, style, 
harmony: it is static, classic, Apollonian. The beauty of the bohemian-ideal based on 
temperament, freedom, vitality: they 

is dynamic, romantic, Dionysian. The gentleman idealized and stylized his wealth - the 
bohemian idealized and stylized his poverty. The gentleman is set to tradition, the 
bohemian to protest: the essence of the gentleman conservative [16] 
the essence of bohemian revolutionary. Mother of the ideal gentleman is England, most 
conservative country in Europe. Boheme is the cradle of France, the most revolutionary 
country Europe. The gentleman's ideal is the life of a caste - the bohemians-ideal form 
of life Personalities. The gentleman has ideal beyond England back to Roman Stoicism - 
the bohemians-ideal outside of France has returned to the Greek agora. The Roman 
statesmen approached the gentleman type, the Greek philosophers the Bohemientypus: 
Caesar and Seneca were gentlemen, Socrates and Diogenes bohemians. The focus of the 
gentleman is in the Physical and Mental * the bohemian in spirit: the gentleman may fool 


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the bohemian may be criminal. Both ideals are human crystallization phenomena: as the 
crystal only in non-rigid Environment can be formed so that both owe their existence to 
ideals of the English and French freedom. In imperial Germany lacked the atmosphere 
for crystallization Personal awareness: therefore 

could not develop equal rank ideal. A gentleman of the German style, lacked the 
bohemian temperament to both grace and suppleness. Since he had no reasonable him 
life in its reality, the German sought in his poetry for ideal incarnations German 
character: and found mental than physical 

Ideally the young Siegfried, as the old spiritual ideal fist. Both ideals were romantically 
anachronistic: in the distortion of reality froze the romantic [17] 

Siegfried Ideal for Prussian officer, a lieutenant - the romantic Fist Ideal for German 
scholar, Professor. 

In place of organic ideals were mechanical: the officer representing the Mechanization of 
the psyche: the frozen Siegfried, professor of the mechanization of Intellectual: the 
frozen fist. I n none of his classes Wilhelmine Germany was proud of than its officers and 
Professors. I n them she saw the flower of the nation, like England in its political leaders, 
the Latin peoples in their artists. Will the German people higher development, it must 
revise his ideals: his energy must beyond the military bias and wide to politically-human 
versatility: his spirit must go beyond the purely scientific narrowness and wide for the 
synthesis of Poet-thinker. The nineteenth century was the German people paid two men 
style greatest, the these demands higher embodied Germanness: Bismarck, the hero of 
the fact; Goethe, the Fleros of mind. Bismarck renewed, deepened and enlivened the 
kitschy become Siegfried Ideal - Goethe renewed 

deepens and enlivens the dusty Fist ideal. Bismarck had the good qualities of the 
German officer - without its faults; Goethe had the good qualities of the German 
scholars - without its faults. In Bismarck 

overcomes the superiority of the statesman, the narrowness of the officer - in Goethe 
overcomes the superiority of the poet-thinker, the narrowness of the scholars, in both 
The [18] 

organic personality ideal, the Mechanical, man, the puppet. Through his exemplary 
personality Bismarck more for the development of Germanness as done by his Empire; 
through its Olympic existence, the German Goethe Gifted by people richer than his own: 
for Faust, as Goetz, Werther, masters and Tasso, Goethe's only a fragment of humanity. 
Germany but should be careful not to verkitschen his two living role models and pull 
down: from Bismarck a sergeant, from Goethe to make a schoolmaster. At the follow-up 
of these two peaks German Germany humanity could grow and healthy, it can learn from 
them active and contemplative size, drive and wisdom. Because Bismarck and Goethe 
are the two focal points around which a new German Could make lifestyle that would be 
the equal of Western ideals. [19] 

4 Inbreeding - INTERSECTION 

Most Rustic human inbreeding is the product of the Urban human hybrid. Parents and 
ancestors of the farmers usually come from the same, sparsely populated Area, the 
nobleman from the same thin layer. In both cases, the ancestors to each other by blood 
and therefore usually physically, mentally, spiritually similar. As a result, they inherit 
their common traits, tendencies will, passions, Prejudices, inhibitions, to an even greater 
degree on their children and descendants. The Traits that result from this breeding are: 
loyalty, filial piety, a sense of family, caste, Resistance, stubbornness, energy limitations, 
power of prejudice, lack of objectivity, Close the horizon. Here is a variation of the 
previous generation did not, but simply the repetition: the place of development occurs 
conservation. In the city itself peoples races, stalls encounter. In general, the Urban Man 
Mixed Breed from different social and national elements. In it, lift the opposite character 


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traits [20] 

ties, prejudices, inhibitions, will tendencies and beliefs of his parents and Ancestors from 
at least on or weaken each other. The result is that many hybrids Lack of character, lack 
of restraint, weakness of will, instability, and irreverence Faithlessness with objectivity, 
versatility, mental activity, freedom from prejudice and Length connecting the horizon. 
Breeds always differ from their parents and Progenitors, each generation is a variation of 
the previous one, either in the meaning of the Evolution or degeneration. The inbred 
man is Einseelenmensch - the mongrel More human soul. In any Individual life his 
ancestors continue as elements of his soul: they resemble each other, so it is uniform, 
monotonous; seek them apart, so man is diverse, complicated, differentiated. The size of 
a mind lies in its extensity, which is in its ability to capture everything and to include, the 
size of a character is its intensity, which is in its ability to strong, focused and want 
proof. Thus, in a sense, wisdom and energy Contradictions. The more pronounced the 
ability and inclination of a people, as a sage of all things Sites to see and to face 
prejudice in any position - usually the weaker his volitional impulse to act out harmless 
after a certain direction: for every Motive face opposing motives contrary, any faith 
skepticism, every act insight into their cosmic Redeutungslosigkeit. Can be determined 
only limited, one-sided man. There is not merely an unconscious, [21] 
naive: there is also a conscious, heroic limitations. The heroic limited - and this type 
include all truly great men of action - sometimes voluntarily switched all pages his being 
made up on the one that determines its action. Objective, critical, skeptical, he can 
consider his actions before or after his: while the fact that it is subjective, religious, one- 
sided, unfair. Inhibit vigor wisdom - wisdom vigor denied. The strongest will is 
ineffective, if he is directionless; also a weak will trigger the strongest effect when he 
unilaterally. There is no life without fact wrong, error, fault: who shy away from this 
stigma to wear, the stay in the realm of thought, of contemplation, of passivity. - 
Truthful People are always silent: because every claim is, in a sense, a lie; People are 
always inactive pure heart: for every act is, in a sense, wrong. 

Brave but to talk to lie on the risk is, to act, to the danger, To do wrong. I nbreeding 
strengthens the character, weakens the mind - crossing weakens the character and 
strengthens the Spirit. Where inbreeding and crossbreeding meet under happy auspices, 
they witness the highest type of human being the strongest character connects with the 
sharpest mind. Where in unfortunate auspices of inbreeding and mix meet, they create 
degeneration types with a weak character, dull mind. The man of the distant future will 
be hybrid. Today's races and the boxes are increasing [22] 

the overcoming of space, time and Prejudice fall victim. The Eurasian- Negroid Future 
race, externally similar to the ancient Egyptian, the diversity of peoples with a 
will Replace diversity of personalities. For, according to the laws of 
inheritance increases with the Diversity of the ancestral diversity, the 
uniformity of the ancestors Uniformity of the offspring. I n inbred families a child 
is like the other: for every represent a common type of family. Mix in families differ the 
children more of each other: each is a novel variation of the divergent parental and 
ancestral elements. Inbreeding creates characteristic types - crossing creates original 
personalities. Precursor of the planetary people of the future is in modern 
Europe as the Russian-slawischtatarisch Finnish Mix, because he, of all 
European nations, the least race has, he is the more typical human soul with 
the wide ranging, encompassing soul. Its antipode is the strongest insular 
Briton, highly bred Einseelenmensch whose force in 

Character is in the will, the one-sided, typical. It owes to modern Europe most 
closed, perfect type: the gentleman. [23] 


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5 PAGAN AND CHRISTIAN mentality 

Two forms of soul struggle for world domination: Paganism and Christianity. With the 
Denominations that bear this name, have that soul forms very external Relationships. 

Will be the focus of Dogmatic into the ethical, from the mythological Psychological 
installed, then converts to Buddhism Ultra-Christianity, while Amerikanismus as 
modernized paganism appears. The Orient is the main carrier of Christian, the Occident 
main carrier pagan mentality: the "heathen” Chinese are better Christians as the 
"Christian” Germans. Paganism is energy, love Christianity to the forefront of ethical 
value scale. Christian Ideal is the loving saints, pagan ideal of conquering hero. 
Christianity wants the homo ferus convert into a homo clomesticus, the predator man in 
the pet man during Paganism umschaffen wants man to superman. Christianity wants to 
Tiger Cats tame - increase Paganism cats tigers. Hauptverkunder modern Christianity 
was tol-[24] 

stoi; Hauptverkunder modern paganism Nietzsche. The Germanic Edda religion was pure 
paganism. They continued to live under Christian mask: in the Middle Ages as a 
chivalrous, in modern times as an imperialist and militarist Worldview. Officers, J unker 
colonizers. Captains of industry are the leading 

Representatives of modern paganism. Energy, bravery, size, freedom, power, fame and 
Honor: these are the ideals of paganism: while love, gentleness, humility, compassion, 
and Self-denial are Christian ideals. The antithesis: Pagan Christianity coincides neither 
the antithesis: Urban Rustic Man-man, yet with: inbred crossing. Undoubtedly Rustic but 
favor the development of pagan barbarism and inbreeding Urban civilization mixture and 
the development of Christian mentality. Eligible pagan individualism is generally possible 
only in sparsely populated Erdstrichen, where the individual can assert themselves and 
develop ruthless, without equal in contrast to to get his fellow man. In overpopulated 
areas where man comes to man, must the socialist principle of mutual support the 
individualistic principle of 

Complement the struggle for existence, and, in part, displace. Christianity and socialism 
are international metropolis products. Christianity took over as World Religion his output 
from the faceless world city of Rome, the socialism of the nationally mixed industrial 
cities of the West. Both utterances Christian mentality are based on internationalism. 

The resistance against Christianity went from the 
Rural population [25] 

(Pagani), just as it is today the country people, the realization of the socialist Life form 
the strongest resistance opposes. Always been sparsely populated, northern parts of 
pagan centers will, tightly 

populated southern regions hotbeds Christian feeling. Unlike today where the Eastern 
and Western spiritual life is mentioned, most of which is not understood as that contrast 
between the people of the South and the North. The J apanese, the most northern 
Oriental culture, often approaches the Occidentals, while the mentality of Suditalieners is 
oriental and South American. For the states of the soul of latitude seems to be more 
important than the degree of longitude. Not only the geographical position: the historical 
development has to determine the Soul of a people. The Chinese and the J ewish people 
therefore feel Christian as the Germanic, because their cultural past is older. The Teuton 
is the time Wild closer than the Chinese or J ew, these two ancient civilizations were able 
to thoroughly emancipate themselves from the pagan natural philosophy of life, because 
it at least three Millennia longer had time to. - Paganism is a symptom of cultural youth 
Christianity a symptom of cultural age. 

Three peoples: Greeks, Romans, J ews, captured each in his own way the ancient culture 
of the world. 


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Only the aesthetic-philosophical people of the Greeks in the Hellenistic period, then the 
practical political People of the Romans in the Roman Empire eventually ethical-religious 
people of Jews in Christianity. [26] 

Christianity, ethics of Jewish Essenes (John), of Jewish spiritual Prepared Alexandrians 
(Philo), was regenerated J udaism. As far as Europe is Christian, it is (I n the ethical and 
spiritual sense) J ewish, as far as Europe is morally, it is J ewish. Almost all the European 
ethics rooted in J udaism. All champion of a religious or irreligious Christian morality, from 
Augustine to Rousseau, Kant and Tolstoy, election Jews were spiritual sense, Nietzsche 
is the only non-J ewish, the only pagan ethics Europe. The most prominent and the 
foremost proponents of Christian ideas in their modern Rebirth hot pacifism and 
socialism, are J ews. I n the east, the Chinese people is the ethical par excellence (in 
contrast to the asthetischheroischen J apanese and the religious and speculative I ndians) 

- the J ews in the West. God was Head of state of the ancient J ews, their moral law, civil 
code, sin was Crime. The theocratic idea of the identification of politics and ethics, 

J udaism is in the change of Thousands remained true. Christianity and socialism are both 
experiments, a kingdom to build. Two millennia ago, the Christians, not the Pharisees 
and Sadducees were Heirs and innovator Mosaic tradition, but today there are neither 
the Zionists nor the Christians, but the J ewish leaders of socialism because they also 
want the highest 

Self-denial redeem the original sin of capitalism, the people from injustice, violence and 
Bondage redeem and transform the world into a paradise entsuhnte. [27] 

These J ewish prophets of the present, preparing for a new world era, is in all the Ethical 
Primary: in politics, religion, philosophy and art. Was from Moses to Weininger Ethics 
Jewish philosophy major problem. Is this ethical attitude towards the world a unique root 
of the size of the J ewish people - but also the danger that J ews who lose their faith in 
the ethics sink to the cynical egoists: while people 

other mentality, even after losing their ethical attitude, a wealth of chivalric Values and 
prejudices (man of honor, gentleman, cavalier etc.) left over, which they before Protect 
the values fall into chaos. What the J ews of the average city dwellers differs mainly is 
that they I nbred people. Strength of character combined with mental acuity predestined 
the Jews his most outstanding specimens to guide urban humanity, such as the wrong 
genuine spirit of capitalism as the protagonist aristocrats of the revolution. [28] 

PART TWO: 

CRISIS OF NOBILITY 

6 SPIRIT SWORD INSTEAD OF DOMINION 

Our democratic age is a miserable interlude between two great aristocratic eras: the 
feudal aristocracy of the sword and the social aristocracy of the mind. The feudal 
aristocracy is in decline, the aristocracy of intellect in the making. The Meanwhile, calls 
itself democratic, but in reality dominated by the pseudo-Aristocracy of money. In the 
Middle Ages in Europe there was a rustic knight on the urban citizens, pagan Mentality 
about Christian, cerebral blood aristocracy nobility. The superiority of the knight on the 
Citizens based on body and strength of character on strength and courage. Two 
inventions have conquered the Middle Ages, opened the modern era: the invention of 
the Powder meant the end of the Knights reign, the invention of printing, the advent of 
Mental domination. Physical strength and courage lost by the introduction of their 
Feuerwafle crucial importance in the struggle for existence: mind, was in the struggle for 
power and freedom, the decisive weapon. [31] 

The printing press gave a spirit of power of unlimited scope, adjusted the write humanity 
at the center of the reading and rose as the writer to the spiritual leader of the masses. 
Gutenberg gave the springs the power that the Black Had taken swords. Using the 


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printer's ink Luther has a bigger empire all captured as German emperors. In the era of 
enlightened despotism rulers and statesmen obeyed the ideas derived from thinkers. The 
writers of that time formed an intellectual aristocracy Europe. The victory of absolutism, 
feudalism meant the first victory of the city over the country and also the first stage in 
the winning run nobility of spirit, in the fall of The warrior class. I n place of the medieval 
dictatorship in the country over the city joined the dictatorship of the modern city of the 
country. 

With the French Revolution, which broke with the privileges of the nobility of blood, 
began the second 

Era of emancipating the mind. Democracy is based on the optimistic assumption, a 
spiritual nobility could be identified and selected by the majority of the people. Now we 
are on the threshold of the third epoch of the modern era: socialism. Fie also supports is 
revolutionary to the urban class of industrial workers, led by the aristocracy Writer. 
Decreases the influence of the blood nobility, the growing influence of the Spirit nobility. 
This development, and thus the chaos of modern politics, one end will only find until a 
spiritual [32] 

The aristocracy of power of society: tears powder, gold, ink printer itself and used for 
the benefit of the public. A crucial step towards this goal is the Russian Bolshevism, 
where a small Crowd of communist spirit and conscious aristocracy ruled the country 
with the plutocratic Democracy breaks that dominates the rest of the world today. The 
struggle between capitalism and communism to the legacy of the defeated aristocracy 
blood a fratricidal war the victorious brain nobility, a fight between individualistic and 
socialist, selfish and altruistic, pagan and Christian spirit. The General Staff of both 
parties recruited from the spiritual leader race in Europe: J udaism. Capitalism and 
communism are both rational, both mechanistically, both abstract, both urban. The main 
criticism has finally played out. The effect of the mind, the power of Spirit, the belief in 
the mind, the hope of the mind grows: and with them a new 
Nobility. [33] 

7th ADEL TWILIGHT 

In the course of the modern era of blood through the needle farm was - atmosphere, 
the noble spirit by 

capitalism poisoned. Since the end of the age of chivalry is the nobility of Continental 
Europe, with sparse Exceptions, in a state of progressive decadence. He has his by its 
urbanization lost physical and mental benefits. At the time of feudalism, the nobility of 
blood was called to his country against enemy attacks and to protect encroachments of 
the sovereign. The nobleman was freely and confidently to 

Subordinates, equals, Higher Asked; king on his land, he was able to chivalric principles 
of his personality develop freely. Absolutism changed this situation: the opposition 
nobility, who, free, proud and brave, to its historical rights existed, was, as far as it went 
extinct and the remainder was to the court pulled and pushed there in a shiny bondage. 
This court nobility was unfree, dependent he had his best characteristics [34], 

the whims of the ruler and his clique losing companies: character, desire for freedom, 
pride, leadership. To the character and thus to break the resistance of the French 
nobility, lured him to Louis XIV Versailles, the great revolution was subject to the 
completion of his work: it has the Nobility, who had surrendered and lost its merits, 
taking his survived privileges. True only in those countries of Europe where the nobility, 
his chivalrous mission leaders and Champion of the national opposition to monarchical 
despotism and foreign rule remained a noble leader type received: in England, Hungary, 
Poland, Italy. Since the transformation of European culture from a chivalrous and rustic 
in a bourgeois urban remained Blutadel mental-cultural point behind the middle. War, 


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Policy and the management of his estates took him so much claim that his mental Skills 
and interests often stunted. These historical causes of modern nobility were still twilight 
by physiological reinforced. In place of the hard, medieval military service modern times 
brought the nobility mostly jobless good life; from the most threatened status was the 
nobility by his Erbreichtum gradually to gesichertsten; addition, almost the degenerative 
effects excessive inbreeding, which the English nobility by frequent mixing with civil 
blood escaped. Through the interaction of these circumstances fell the physical, 
psychological and mental type of erstwhile nobility. The brain nobility could not replace 
the nobility of blood, because he also is one in a crisis, State of decay [35] 
is. Democracy arose from embarrassment, not because people no nobility wanted to, but 
because they found no nobility. Once a new, genuine nobility constituted democracy will 
disappear by itself. Because England has genuine nobility, remained it, despite its 
democratic constitution, aristocratic. The academic brain nobility of Germany, a century 
ago, leaders of the opposition Absolutism and feudalism, pioneer of modern and liberal 
ideas today is to Mainstay of the response, sunk to the main opponents of intellectual 
and political renewal. This pseudo-intellectual aristocracy of Germany was at war 
advocate of militarism in the Revolution defender of capitalism. His mottos: nationalism, 
militarism, Anti-Semitism, alcoholism, are also the watchwords in the fight against the 
Spirit. Their responsible rich mission: to replace the feudal nobility and prepare the mind, 
has disregarded the academic intelligence, denied, betrayed. Also the journalistic 
intelligentsia has betrayed its mission leader. She, who had called spiritual, To be a 
leader and teacher of the masses to complement and enhance what a has failed and 
perpetrated backward school system - humbled in their immense Majority of the slave of 
capital, to Verbildnerin of political and artistic Taste. Her character broke under the 
pressure, instead of its own foreign convictions represent and defend - their spirit 
flattened by the overproduction of the their profession they forces. As the orator of 
antiquity, as is the journalist of [36] 

Modern times in the center of the state machine: it moves voters, voters Members who 
MPs, ministers. So the journalist falls the ultimate responsibility for all political Done: and 
he just, as a typical representative of urban spinelessness, feels mostly free from any 
obligation and responsibility. School and the press are the two points from which the 
world is bloodless, without violence refine and renew could. The school nurtures or 
poisons the soul of the child, and the Press nourished or poisoned the soul of adults. 
School and are both now in the press Hands of a non-spiritual intelligence: they return 
them in the hands of the mind, would be the highest duty of every ideal policy, each 
ideal revolution. The ruling dynasties of Europe have come down through inbreeding, the 
Plutokratendynastien by good life. The Blutadel degenerated because he was servant of 
the monarchy, the nobility of mind degenerated because he was servant of capital. Both 
aristocracies had forgotten that, and with every advantage, with each award Exceptional 
position of responsibility is associated with. They have the motto of all true nobility 
unlearned: 'noblesse oblige "They wanted to enjoy the fruits of their privileged position 
without their! Carry obligations; felt as lords and superiors, not as leaders and role 
models to their Others. I nstead of the people have new goals to pave new ways they 
could be of Abuse rulers and capitalists tools to their interests: to live well, Honors and 
money, they sold their souls, their blood and brain. [37] 

The old nobility of the blood and of the brain has lost the right to continue even as the 
aristocracy to apply, because it lacks the characters all genuine nobility: Character, 
freedom, Responsibility. The threads that bound them to their peoples, they have cut: by 
Snobbery on the one hand, education conceit on the other side. It is in the sense of 
historical nemesis, that the great deluge, the output of Russia their takes on the world 
cleans bloody or bloodless way of the usurpers, their Want to maintain preferred 


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positions, while one whose long term conditions have lost. [38] 

8 Plutocracy 

In the depression of blood and nobility of mind, it was not surprising that a third 
Provisional class people the power tore itself: the plutocracy. The constitutional form The 
form of plutocratic rule, feudalism and absolutism replaced, was democratic. Today 
democracy facade of plutocracy: because the people will not tolerate naked plutocracy 
would give them the nominal power is left, while the actual power was in the hands the 
plutocrats rests. In republican and monarchical democracies are the Statesmen puppets 
capitalist manipulators: they dictate the guidelines of the policy, they rule through the 
purchase of public opinion, voters, by business and social relations, the ministers. In 
place of the feudal structure of society, the plutocracy has come: no more Birth is 
decisive for the social position, but the income. The plutocracy of today is more powerful 
than the aristocracy of yesterday because no one is above it as the State her tool and 
accomplice is. When there were true nobility of blood, the system of [39] 

was Birth the aristocracy, just as today the money aristocracy: for at that time had the 
ruling caste sense of responsibility, culture, tradition during the class today there, feeling 
all responsibility, all culture and tradition is bar. Partly Exceptions do not alter this fact. 
While the ideology of feudalism was heroic and religious, knows the plutocratic Society 
no higher values than money and good life: the validity of a person prized by what he 
has, not according to what he is. Nevertheless, in some sense constitute the leader of 
the plutocracy, an aristocracy, an elite: because the Erraffung large assets are a number 
of excellent properties necessary: Energy, prudence, prudence, prudence, presence of 
mind, initiative, boldness and Generosity. Because of these advantages, the successful 
big business as legitimate 

modern conquerors natures, their superior will and mental power them through the mass 
inferior competitors brought victory. However, this superiority of the plutocrats is only 
valid within the acquiring class of people - it disappears immediately when those 
outstanding money earners are measured at the 

outstanding representatives of ideal professions. So it's just that a capable industrialist or 
Kauftnann materially and socially rises higher than his incompetent colleagues - is unjust 
but is that a social power and prestige is higher than that of an artist, scholar, Politician, 
author, teacher, judge, doctor, who is just as capable in his profession as those whose 
skills but more ideal and more social objectives [40] 

serve: ie that the present system of society, the selfish, materialistic mentality awarded 
against an altruistic ideal. Add this selfish drive preference towards altruistic, 
materialistic against idealistic is the fundamental evil of the capitalist social structure, 
while the true aristocrats of the mind and heart: the wise and the Benevolent, in poverty 
and Powerlessness live usurp power selfish people the leader position to which 
appointed those would. Thus plutocracy is energetic and intellectually aristocracy - in an 
ethical and spiritually pseudo-aristocracy of the working classes within aristocracy - to 
more ideal professions measured pseudo-aristocracy. As the aristocracy of blood and the 
Spirit, as is also that of money currently in a period of decay. The sons and grandsons of 
those great entrepreneurs whose 

Will, steeled by hardship and labor, they had carried up from nothing to power, limp 
mostly in good living and inaction. Only rarely inherited the paternal Drive or sublimated 
to more spiritual and idealerem work. The Plutokratengeschlechtern lacks that tradition 
and belief, that conservatively-rustic 

Spirit that had once housed the nobility for centuries before degeneration. Feeble 
imitators take over the power of inheritance of their fathers without the gifts of the Spirit 
and Mind, by which it had been errafft. Power and efficiency come into conflict: and thus 


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undermining the inner justification of capitalism. The historical development of these has 
natural [41] 

Decline accelerated. Carried aloft by the boom of the war begins a new Slide-plutocracy 
to decompose the plutocracy-old entrepreneur and repress. During increases with the 
enrichment of the national wealth of the entrepreneur, it decreases with the Enrichment 
of the slide. The entrepreneurs are the business leaders - the slide whose Parasites: 
entrepreneurship is productive - Schiebertum unproductive capitalism. The current boom 
facilitates ruthless, unscrupulous and unprincipled People making money. For speculative 
profits and slide are lucky and Recklessness as indispensable shares outstanding will and 
intellect. So represents the modern slide- Kakistokratie a plutocracy rather than a 
character Aristocracy of ability. Due to the increasing blurring of the boundaries between 
Entrepreneurship and Schiebertum is capitalism before the forum of mind and 
Compromised public and drawn down. No aristocracy can compete continuously without 
moral authority. Once the ruling class ceases to be a symbol of ethical and aesthetic 
values, their fall unstoppable. The plutocracy is, compared to other aristocracies, poor in 
aesthetic values. It meets the political functions of an aristocracy, without the cultural 
values of nobility to offer. Wealth is tolerable only in dress but the beauty, just as a 
carrier of an aesthetic culture justified. Meanwhile, the new plutocracy wrapped in dreary 
vulgarity and [42] 

intrusive ugliness: their wealth is barren and forbidding. The European plutocracy 
neglected in contrast to their American-ethical Mission as much as their aesthetic: social 
benefactor grand scale are as sparse as Patrons. To behold instead of its raison d'etre in 
the social capitalism, in which Summary of fragmented national wealth to generous 
creative works Humanity - the plutocrats erdruchenden feel justified in their majority, 
their good life irresponsible to build mass misery. Instead of humanity they are good 
traders Exploiters, rather than leaders deceiver. This lack of aesthetic and ethical culture, 
the plutocracy attracts not only the Hatred, but also the contempt for public opinion and 
their spiritual leaders: because they did not understand it, to be noble, they must fall. 

The Russian revolution mean for the plutocratic period of history from the beginning 
End. Even if Lenin subject, his shadow is also the twentieth century dominate, as the 
French Revolution, despite its collapse, the development of nineteenth has determined: 
never had in continental Europe feudalism and absolutism abdicated voluntarily - if not 
for fear of a repeat of J acobin terror ago the end of the French nobility and king. So it is 
the sword of Damocles Bolshevik terror succeed faster, to soften the hearts of the 
plutocrats and 

make available to social demands than two millennia, the gospel of Christ. [43] 

9 ADEL ADEL BLOOD AND FUTURE 

Nobility is based on physical, mental, spiritual beauty, beauty in perfect harmony and 
increased vitality: who is dominated his contemporaries, is an aristocrat. The old 
aristocratic type is dying, and the new not yet constituted, our Meanwhile, is destitute of 
great personalities: on beautiful people, of fine People, to show people. Meanwhile usurp 
epigones of the sunken nobility of the dead Former aristocracy forms and fill them with 
the contents of their miserable bourgeois. The strong abundance of life erstwhile nobility 
is passed to upstarts: but lack its shapes, its grandeur, its beauty. However, the time to 
the idea of nobility, a nobility of the future need not despair. Will humanity move 
forward, they need leaders, teachers, signpost: fulfillments of what it wants to be; 
precursor of its future survey to higher spheres. Without needle no evolution. 
Eudaemonistic policy can democratically - evolutionist policy must his aristocratic. To 
[44] 

ascend, to go forward targets are needed; to achieve goals, people are necessary, set 


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the goals that lead to goals: aristocrats. The aristocrat as a leader is a political term, and 
the nobles as a role model is an aesthetic Ideal. Highest requirement demands that 
aristocracy nobility, leaders coincides with model: 

that perfect man falls to the leadership. The quantity of European humanity that believes 
only the mass of the number, stand out two quality races from: blood aristocracy and 
J udaism. Divorced from one another, they both hold firmly the faith of their higher 
mission, to better their blood to human differences in rank. In these two heterogeneous 
preference breeds is the core of the future European nobility: in feudal nobility of blood, 
if he is not from the court, the J ewish brain needle, unless it is could corrupt the capital. 
As a guarantee of a better future remains a small residual morally upstanding Rustic 
nobility and a small group of revolutionary struggle intelligence. Here the community 
between Lenin, the man from rural gentry growing, and Trotsky, the Jewish writers, the 
symbol: here reconcile the opposites of Character and spirit of J unker and man of 
letters, of rustic and urban, pagan and Christian people for creative synthesis of 
revolutionary aristocracy. A step forward in the spiritual would be enough to get the best 
elements of the blood nobility, on the the land of their physical and moral health from 
the effects of depraving Have preserved court atmosphere to provide the service of the 
new human liberation. Because, at the Predestines their opinion [45] 
traditional courage, their anti-bourgeois and anti-capitalist mentality, their Sense of 
responsibility, their contempt for material benefit, their stoic training of the will, their 
Integrity, their idealism. Directed into more spiritual and more free tracks, which could 
be strong noble energies that were previously supporting the reaction to regenerate new 
heights and Natural leaders testify, the inflexibility of will with magnanimity and 
selflessness connect, and rather than exponents of the middle class (which is contrary to 
them at heart) to serve capitalist interests in a number contact the representatives of the 
tapered Nobility of mind to liberation and refinement of mankind. Policy was in Europe 
for centuries privilege of the nobility. The nobility formed an international political caste, 
were grown in the diplomatic talents. For many generations, lives of European nobility of 
blood in a political atmosphere of the bourgeoisie with Intent was kept. On his estates, 
the nobility learned the art of governance, Human treatment - the leading government 
positions at home and abroad, the art of Peoples treatment. Politics is art, not science, it 
focuses more on instinct as in the mind, in the subconscious more than the conscious. 
Political talent can be awaken and train never learn. Genius by breaking all the rules: in 
political talent but the needle is richer than the middle class. Because in order to acquire 
knowledge, a sufficient Single life: to breed instincts, it requires the cooperation of many 
generations. I n the sciences and fine arts projects beyond the middle of talent the 
aristocracy: the Politics is the relationship reversed. Therefore [46] 
it happens that the democracies of Europe its foreign policy often their descendants 
Nobility trust, because it is in the national interest, the gene pool of political talent, that 
the needle has accumulated over the centuries to make available to the public. The 
political skills of the nobility, not least on its strong mixture of blood due. Because these 
national miscegenation often expands its horizons and so paralyzed the evil 
consequences of simultaneous Box inbreeding. The vast majority of poor Aristocrats 
combines the disadvantages of the mixture with those of inbreeding: lack of character 
with Mental poverty, while modern in the rare highlights the advantages of high nobility 
both encounter: Character with spirit. Intellectually, now gapes between the extreme 
right (conservative Nobility of blood) and the extreme left (revolutionary spirit nobility) a 
huge level difference while in the character of these apparent extremes meet. But it is all 
intellectuals, Deliberate on the surface - all characteristic, unconscious in the depth of 
personality. I nsights and opinions are easier to form and re-form as a character 
properties and directions of the will. Lenin and Ludendorff are in their political ideals 


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antagonists: in their setting will Brothers. Ludendorff would be raised in the Russian 
revolutionary milieu Studententums; would he, like Lenin, in his early youth the 
execution of his brother by imperial executioner experience: we would likely see him at 
the top of the red Russia. While [47] 

Lenin raised in a Prussian cadet school, perhaps an over-Ludendorff would have been. 
What separates these two related natures, their intellectual level. Lenin Boundedness 
seems heroic-conscious of being Ludendorff boundedness naively unconscious. Lenin is 
not just leaders - he is also Spiritual, as it were, a spiritualized Ludendorff. The same 
parallels can be drawn between two other representatives of the extreme left and Right: 
Friedrich Adler and Count Arco. Both were murderers of idealism, its martyrs 
Conviction. Had eagle in militaristic reactionary milieu German blood nobility, Arco in 
socialist-revolutionary milieu Austrian nobility of mind had grown up, so probably, the 
ball Arcos Sturgkh the Prime Minister, the ball the eagle Prime Minister Eisner made. 

After all, they are brothers, separated by the heroischselbstlosen difference anerzogener 
prejudice, linked by the community Character. Again, the difference lies in the spiritual 
level (Adler Spirit man), not in the purity of the spirit. The character of the One who 
praises, should the not reduce the Other - as happens from both sides every day. Where 
potentiated life force, there is the future. The flowering of the peasantry, the landed 
gentry, has (If he was healthy) into a thousand years of symbiosis with the living and 
life-giving nature accumulated a wealth of vital forces and accumulated. Succeed in a 
modern education to sublimate a part of this increased energy into the spiritual life: 
could then, perhaps, the nobility of the past take a decisive role in building the nobility of 
the future. [48] 

10th J UDAISM AND FUTURE NEEDLE 

Main support of the corrupt nobility as a man of integrity brain: capitalism, journalism 
and iteratentums are J ews *. The superiority of their spirit predestines them to a The 
driver of future nobility. A look at the history of the J ewish people explains its lead in the 
struggle for Human leadership. Two millennia ago, J udaism was a religious community, 
composed of ethical religious predisposed individuals of all nations of the ancient Cultural 
group, with a nationally-Hebrew center in Palestine. At that time was already the J oint, 
Primary Unifying and not the nation, but religion. During the first millennium of our era 
came into this community of faith proselyte of all peoples, a, last king, nobility and 
people of the Mongolian Khazars, the men Southern Russia. From then on, only the 
J ewish religious community joined to an artificial Volks- 


* The following relates primarily to Central and Eastern Europe. 

[49] 

community together and against all other nations from *. By unspeakable persecutions 
tried for a millennium Christian Europe the exterminate J ewish people. The result was 
that all the Jews, the weak-willed, ruthless, were opportunistic or skeptical, they were 
baptized, thereby the endless torment To escape persecution. On the other hand, were 
frequently under these difficult Living conditions, were all j ews based not sent clever and 
inventive enough the struggle for existence to exist in this form difficult. 

So finally went out all these persecutions, a small community out, steeled by ertragenes 
a heroic martyrdom for the idea and purged of all weak-willed and poor mental 
elements. Instead of destroying J udaism, it has Europe against their will by refined those 
artificial selection process and trained to guide a nation's future. Not a Wonder, then, 
that this people, the ghetto prison sprung, to a spiritual nobility 
Europe developed. Thus, a benevolent providence Europe at the moment, as the feudal 
nobility lapsed, given by the J ewish emancipation, a new breed of noble spirit graces. 


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The first typical representative of this nascent future nobility was the revolutionary noble 
J ew Lassalle, of the highly physical beauty with nobility of character, and sharpness 
Spirit united: aristocrat in the highest and truest sense of the word, he was a born 
Leader and guide of his tent. 


* See: The essence of anti-Semitism, "by Dr. Henry Coudenhove-Kalergi (II 
Edition, Pan-Verlag, Vienna). 

[50] 

Not: J udaism is the new nobility: but: J udaism is the womb from which a new, spiritual 
nobility of Europe shows, the core around which are grouped a new, spiritual nobility. A 
spiritual master race in urban education: idealists, witty and finely tuned, just and 
conviction loyal, brave as the feudal nobility in his best days, the death and persecution, 
Hatred and contempt gladly take upon himself to mankind moral, spiritual, happy to 
make. The Jewish heroes and martyrs of the Central and Eastern European revolution 
are in courage, Perseverance and idealism of the non-J ewish heroes of World War 1 1 in 
nothing - while they the same spirit in many cases surpass. The essence of these men 
and women who try it, to redeem mankind and to regenerate, is a peculiar synthesis of 
religious and political elements: of heroic martyrdom and intellectual propaganda, 
revolutionary Energy and social love, of justice and compassion. These traits that they 
once used to Creators have made the Christian world movement, they now make up to 
the top of socialist. With these two experiments spiritual and moral redemption origin of 
J udaism, the disinherited masses of Europe rich endowed than any other nation. As also 
the 

Modern J udaism by its percentage of eminent men all other peoples exceeds: barely a 
century after its liberation is this small nation today with Einstein at the forefront of 
modern science, with Mahler at the head of modern music, with Bergson the pinnacle of 
modern philosophy, with Trotsky on top [51] 

modern politics. The prominent position occupied by the J ews today, it owes Only his 
mental superiority, which enables it over an immense superiority preferred, spiteful, 
envious rivals in intellectual competition to win. The modern Anti-Semitism is one of the 
many manifestations of the reaction against the mediocre Excellent, is a modern form of 
ostracism applied against a whole people. 

As a people, the J ews experienced the eternal struggle of quantity against quality, 
inferior groups against hoherrvertige individuals, inferior majorities against higher value 
minorities. The main roots of anti-Semitism are limitedness and envy: in Beschranktheid 
Religious or scientific; envy in the spiritual or accounts. The fact that they made an 
international religious community, not from a local breed have emerged, the J ews are 
the people of the strongest blood mixture; fact that they complete for a millennium 
against the other nations, they are the nation's strongest inbreeding. To unite, as with 
the high nobility, the elect among them with willpower Mental acuity, while another part 
of the J ews, the defects of inbreeding with the shortcomings of Blood mixture Connects: 
lack of character with limitations. Here we find sacred Self-sacrifice next most restricted 
selfishness, pure idealism next krassestem Materialism. Are ever mixed a people, the 
more dissimilar: Here, too, confirms the rule 

its representatives among themselves, the more impossible it is, to a unit type, construct 
[52] 

Where there is much light, there is plenty of shade. Ingenious families have a higher 
percentage 

Lunatics and criminals than mediocre, which is true of nations. Not only the revolutionary 
spirit of aristocracy tomorrow - the plutocratic slide Kakistokratie Today is recruited 
mainly from J ews and so sharpen the weapons of agitational Anti-Semitism. Millennial 


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slavery to the J ews, with rare exceptions, the gesture of the Master Race reference. 
Permanent suppression inhibits personal development: and thus takes a The main 
element of the aesthetic ideal of nobility. Suffer from this deficiency, physically and 
mentally, a large part of J udaism, this deficiency is the main cause that the European 
instinct 

on the other hand refuses to recognize J udaism as a noble race. The resentment with 
which the suppression has burdened the J ews, it is much vital Voltage: takes him for a 
lot of elegant harmony. Excessive inbreeding, coupled with the Hyperurbanitat the 
ghetto past, had many traits of physical and psychological Decadence in the aftermath. 
What won the Head of the J ews, often her body has lost, and what her brain won their 
nervous system has lost. Thus J udaism suffers from a hypertrophy of the brain and is 
thus in contrast to noble call harmonious development of personality. The physical and 
nervous 

Weakness of many Jews spiritually superior zeitigt a lack of physical courage (often in 
Together with the highest moral courage) and an uncertainty of occurrence: Properties 
[53] 

still appear incompatible with the chivalrous ideal of noble people. Thus the spiritual 
master race of the J ews has to suffer the slave trains people to him has stamped its 
historical development: still wearing many Jewish Leaders and entertainment 
personalities gesture of the unfree, oppressed people. In their 
Gestures are often debased aristocracy aristocratic J ews as outstanding. These 
deficiencies of J udaism, created by the development, through the development will again 
disappear. The Rustikalisierung of J udaism (a main goal of Zionism), coupled with sports 
education, the J udaism of the ghetto rest, which it still bears today in themselves, free. 
That this is possible is shown by the development of American J ewry. The real freedom 
and power that has won J udaism, the same consciousness, the consciousness gradually 
posture and gesture of the free, powerful people to follow. Not only that J udaism will 
change in the direction of the Western ideal of nobility - and the Western noble ideal will 
undergo a transformation that J udaism halfway comes to meet. I n a more peaceful 
Europe of the future of the needle is his warrior Strip with a character and mentally - 
swap priest. A pazifiziertes and socialized Occident is not lord and ruler need more - only 
leaders, Educators, role models. In an oriental Europe of the future will be more a 
aristocrat Brahmin and Mandarin same as a knight. [54] 

OUTLOOK 

The noble man of the future is neither feudal nor J ewish, neither civil nor proletarian: he 
will be synthetic. The races and classes in the modern sense disappear, remain the 
personalities. Only when coupled with the best blood of citizens are the viable elements 
former feudal nobility wrestle up to new heights, only by association with the peaks 
Europeanness is not J ewish, the J ewish element of the future nobility to the full 
development reach. The chosen people of the future may be a physically highly bred 
Rustic gestures and nobility perfect body, a mentally-educated urban nobility 
spiritualized Physiognomies durchseelte eyes and hands give. The nobility of the past 
was based on quantity: the feudal to the number of ancestors, and the plutocratic on the 
number of millions. The nobility of the future will be based on quality: on personal value, 
personal perfection, to perfection of the body, the soul, the Spirit. Today, on the 
threshold of a new age, occurs at the site of the former hereditary nobility 
Random nobility: [55] 

instead nobility noble race individuals: people whose random blood composition to model 
types rises. 

For this random nobility of today will be the new international and inter-racial social 


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aristocracy of 

tomorrow emerge. Excellent everything in beauty, strength, energy and spirit will 
recognize and unite for the secret laws of erotic attraction. Are only once like artificial 
barriers between feudalism and capitalism People have built - then automatically the 
most important men the most Women fall, the most prominent women's most direct full 
men. The more perfect then in the physical, mental, spiritual man will be - the greater 
the number of women under which he can choose. Only the finest men is the connection 
with the free-standing noble women and vice versa - the inferior are with the Must be 
inferior satisfied. Then the erotic life is Be substandard and mediocre free love, the elect: 
Free marriage. Thus, the new breeding nobility of the future does not emerge from the 
artificial standards of human 

Caste, but from the divine laws erotic eugenics. The natural hierarchy of human 
perfection is to replace the artificial Ranking: feudalism and capitalism occurred. The 
socialism that with the abolition of the nobility, the leveling of mankind began, in the 
breeding of the nobility, culminating in the differentiation of mankind. Here, in social 
eugenics, is [56] 

its highest historical mission he does not yet recognize today: from unjust inequality 
above par to lead to equitable inequality, over the ruins of all the pseudo-aristocracy to 
true, a new needle. [57] 

APOLOGY OF TECHNOLOGY 1922 
Motto: 

Ethics is the soul of our culture - 
Her body art: 

mens sana in corpore sanol 

I. THE LOST PARADISE 

1 THE CURSE OF CULTURE 

Culture has turned Europe into a prison and the majority of its residents in Forced 
laborers. - The modern civilized man lives a life elenderes than any beast of the 
wilderness: the only Beings who are still pathetic when he, his pets - because they are 
still unfree are. The existence of a buffalo in the primeval forest, a condor of the Andes, 
a shark in the ocean is incomparably beautiful, free and happier than a European factory 
worker who, Chained day, hours and hours to his machine, inorganic handles 
required to do in order not to starve. Man, too, was once a happy beings in ancient 
times: a happy animal. There lived he at liberty, as part of a tropical nature that 
nurtured him and warmed. His life was in the satisfaction of his instincts, he enjoyed it, 
to hit him a natural or violent death. He was free; lived in nature - instead of in the 
state; played - instead of working: so he was nice and happy. His courage and his life 
[61] 

joy were stronger than any pain that hit him and when all the dangers that threatened 
him. Over the millennia, man has lost this delicious, free existence. The Europeans who 
thinks he is the pinnacle of civilization, lives in unnatural and ugly cities unnatural, ugly, 
unfree, unhealthy, unorganized life. With stunted He breathes instincts and weakened 
health in dark rooms tainted air, and the organized society, the state, robbing him of any 
movement and freedom of action, while a harsh climate work forces him to life 
imprisonment. The freedom he once had, the man has lost: and with it the luck. - 

2 DEVELOPMENT AND FREEDOM 

Ultimate goal of all earthly existence is unfolding: the rock will crystallize, the plant grow 
and bloom, the beast and the man himself live. The pleasure that only humans and 
Animals is known, does not own, but only symptomatic value: the animal satisfies not his 
instincts, because it feels like it - but it feels like, because it's Instincts satisfied. 


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Development means growth according to the laws of their own inside: growth in 
freedom. Each external pressure and coercion inhibits the freedom of development. In a 
deterministic world Freedom has no meaning other than: dependence of internal laws, 
during bondage 

means that depending on external conditions. The crystal does not have the freedom, a 
any stereometric shape to [62] 

choose: the bud does not have the freedom to unfold to any flower: but the Freedom of 
the rock is that it is the crystal, the freedom of the bud, that it to Bloom is. The unfree 
rock remains amorphous or crystalline - stunted the unfree bloom. In both cases, the 
external force is stronger than the internal strength. The product of human Freedom is 
the man unfolded, the product of human freedom: the stunted Person. Because the free 
man can evolve, it is beautiful and happy. The free, unfolded Man is the goal of all 
evolution and the measure of all human values. Man has lost its former freedom: that 
was his sin. So he became a ungluchlichen, imperfect creature. All wild animals are 
beautiful - while most 

People are ugly. There is much more perfect tigers, elephants, eagles, fish, Insects than 
people: because man is stunted by the loss of his freedom and degenerate. The legend 
of the lost paradise of old proclaims the truth that man is a Is banished from the realm 
of the freedom of leisure and nature-life, 

still lives the fauna of the jungle and among the people of today, some South Sea 
Islanders are still the closest. Paradise Lost is the time of the human-animal life in the 
tropics, since there no cities, no states and no work was. - [63] 

3 Overpopulation AND NORTHERN WALK 

Two things have the people driven out of his paradise: overpopulation and the Hike in 
colder zones. - 

Due to the overpopulation man has lost the freedom of space: everywhere he stumbles 
its people and their interests - he was a slave society. By emigration to North man has 
lost the freedom of time: the leisure. Because the harsh climate forcing him to 
involuntary labor to earn a living, so he was a slave to the Nordic nature. The culture has 
destroyed the three forms of beauty that the existence of human nature transfigured: 
freedom, leisure, nature, in its place, it has the State, the work and the city 
placed. The culture of the South Europeans is a banished man, an exile of nature. - 

4 COMPANY AND CLIMATE 

The two despots of Culture Europeans read: society and environment. The social 
bondage reached its peak in the modern city, because here scrum and overpopulation 
are greatest. Since people are not only living together, but layered, immured in artificial 
stone blocks (houses): constantly guarded and distrusted by [64] 

Bodies of the company, they need to without being asked a myriad of laws and 
regulations add, if they violate the same, they are years from their fellow martyred 
(locked) or killed (executed). - Is less oppressive than in the cities social freedom in the 
country, the least oppressive in sparsely populated areas, such as North America, 
Greenland, Mongolia and Arabia. There is still the man can unfold in space without 
coming into conflict with society equally, where there are Residues social freedom. The 
climate is most oppressive slavery in the civilized countries of the North. There must be 
the Man a sunless ground during the short summer months, the food for the wrest the 
year and at the same time and by obtaining clothing, housing Protect heater before the 
winter frost. He struggles against this forced labor, he must starve or freeze to death. So 
it forces the Nordic climate restless, exhausting, strenuous forced labor. - More freedom 
granted nature in temperate zones, where the Man only one tyrant: the hunger must 
serve, while the second, the frost, is vanquished by the sun. The freest man is the 


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tropical fruits and because there Nuts also feed him without work. Only for even climatic 
freedom. Europe is an overcrowded strip of land north and at the same time: that is why 
the Europeans unfree man, the slave of society and nature. Society and nature drive 
each other to their victims: the person who made the city into the Wilderness escapes, 
[65] 

order to seek shelter from the hustle of the society sees itself threatened by merciless 
climate, hunger and frost. The man who is in front of the forces of nature, the Flees 
town and there looking at his fellow Protection - sees itself threatened by the ruthless 
society that exploits and tramples him. - 
5 EXEMPTION ATTEMPTS OF MANKIND 

World history is composed of liberation of man from the prison experiments the 
Company and the exile of the North. The four main ways in which people tried to the 
lost paradise of freedom and return home of leisure, were as follows: 

I. The Way ruckwartst (emigration): back to loneliness and to the sun. With this Goals 
hike has always been people and nations of densely populated Erdstrichen in sparsely 
populated, from colder to warmer zones. Almost all migrations and a large part of war to 
engage in this initial urge for freedom of movement and sun traced. - 
II The way to the top (power) up from the crowds in the solitude, freedom and leisure of 
the top ten thousand! This cry was heard, as a result of overpopulation power 
Precondition of freedom - and due to the climatic conditions of the power condition 
Leisure was. Because only the Almighty can unfold without his fellow men [66] 

Need to take into consideration - only the Almighty can free himself from the labor 
constraint by he allows others to work for you. I n overpopulated countries the individual 
is faced with the choice either to climb on the heads of his fellow man or his own head 
of them to be master or servant, robber or beggar to have occurred. - This general 
desire for Power was the father of wars, revolutions and fights between people. - 
III. The path to the inside (ethics): away from the crowd outside the inner solitude of 
the external work to the internal harmony! Pluman liberation through self-control, 
Seibstbeschrankung and selflessness; frugality as protection need; cut back the rights to 
leisure and freedom until they meet those minimum that provide an overpopulated 
society and a harsh climate. - On this drive, replace the to seek external bondage and 
work in freedom and peace of mind of the heart, all religious movements back. - 
IV The way forward (technology): out of the era of slavery, a new Age of freedom and 
leisure by the victory of the human spirit over the forces of nature! Overcome the 
overpopulation by increasing production of human Slave labor by enslaving forces of 
nature. - In this quest by conquering the 

Nature to break their tyranny, the technical and scientific progress due. - [67] 

II ETHICS AND TECHNOLOGY 
First THE SOCIAL QUESTION 

The fateful question of European culture is: "How is it possible to narrow the Space of a 
cold and barren Erdteiles huddled humanity from hunger, cold, To protect manslaughter 
and overexertion and to give her the freedom and leisure, through the they can reach 
happiness and beauty once? " The answer is: "By the development of ethics and 
technology." - Ethics can the Europeans through school, press, and religion from a 
predator in a Pet transform and thereby make him ripe for the free community - the 
technique can by increasing the production and transformation of the human forced 
labor in Machine work the Europeans give the free time and manpower to expand it a 
Culture needs. Ethics solves the social question from the inside - outside of technology. 

- I n Europe, only two classes of people have the prerequisites to happiness: the rich, the 

do anything and can have what they want - and the Saints, [68] 

who no longer want to do and have, as granted them their fate. The rich conquer an 


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objective freedom through their power, others and the forces of nature into organs of its 
will transform - the Saints conquer a subjective freedom by the indifference with they 
face the earthly goods. The rich can unfold outwards - the Holy inwards. All other 
Europeans are slaves of nature and society: forced labor and 
Prisoners. - 

2 INADEQUATE POLICY 

It is the ideal of ethics, to make Europe a community of saints, it is the ideal the art to 
make Europe a community of rich. The ethics aims to Abolish greed, so that people no 
longer feel poor - the technology wants Not abolish, so that people are no longer poor. 
The policy is not in a position to make the people happy, yet rich. Therefore have their 
unauthorized attempts to solve the social question fail. Only in the service of Ethics and 
Technology policy can contribute to the solution of the social question. In the present 
state of ethics and technology would be the most that could reach policy the 
generalization of the lack of freedom, poverty and forced labor. You could this evil only 
balance, do not cancel; might from Europe penitentiary equal forced laborers make - but 
no [69] 

Paradise. The citizens of the social ideal state would be less free than the meek and 
South Sea Islanders in the state of nature: the cultural history would be the history of a 
fatal deception in humans. - 

3 STATE AND WORK 

As long as the ethics is too weak to protect people from his fellows, and the technology 
too undeveloped to pass on their workload to the forces of nature, - examines the 
Mankind fend off the damage of overpopulation by the state, the dangers of Climate by 
working. The state protects the people against the arbitrariness of the others - the work 
from the arbitrariness the forces of nature. 

The State forced organized granted under certain conditions the people of his Freedom 
waived the protection of person and property against the murder and robbery cravings 
of his fellow men - organized forced labor granted in the northern regions People who 
renounces his time and labor, protection from starvation and Freeze. - These two 
institutions pardon the Europeans, who by nature as supernumerary death would have 
fallen to hard labor for life, to eke for his life, he has his freedom 
indulge. As a citizen, he is imprisoned in the narrow cage of his rights and obligations - 
as Forced labor, he is clamped into the hard yoke of his job performance. Declines [70] 
he was against the State for - as he faces the gallows, he rebels against the work - so 
threatened with starvation. - 

4 ANARCHY AND LEISURE 

State and Labor enter both pretend to be ideals, they require their victims awe and Love 
her. But they are not ideal: they are difficult to bear social and climatic Needs. Since 
there are states, dreams, the longing of the people from anarchy, from the ideal state of 
Statelessness - since there is work, dreams, the longing of the people of leisure from 
Ideal State of free time. Anarchy and idleness are ideals - not government and labor. 
Anarchy is in a densely populated society that is not on high ethical level, impracticable. 
Their realization would have the last bit of freedom and life opportunity reserved to the 
state to its citizens, destroy. In the general panic colliding Egoism people would crush 
each other. Instead of freedom would have anarchy worst slavery cause. In general 
leisure would in a northern part of the world within months, the majority of People 
starve or freeze to death. Poverty and misery would reach its peak. - Hermit anarchy 
prevail in deserts and snow fields under Eskimos and Bedouins; Leisure prevails in 
sparsely populated and fertile southerners. - [71] 

5 OVERCOMING OF STATE AND WORK 


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State coercion and forced labor, both protector and oppressor of human culture, can be 
eliminated by a political revolution only by ethics and technology. Before not ethics has 
overcome the compulsion State, means anarchy general murder and robbery - not 
before technology has overcome the forced labor, starvation and general means leisure 
Freezing to death. Only ethics, the residents overpopulated countries from the tyranny of 
the Company redeem only by technology, can the inhabitants of colder zones from the 
tyranny of Forces of Nature redeem. The mission of the State is to make by promoting 
ethics itself superfluous and eventually lead to anarchy - the mission of the work, by 
promoting technology themselves to make unnecessary and ultimately lead to leisure. 

Not the voluntary human community is both a curse - but only the forced state, not the 
voluntary work is curse - but only the forced labor. Licentiousness is not ideal but 
Freedom: Idleness is not ideal - but leisure. State coercion and forced labor are things 
that need to be overcome: but they can not be overcome by anarchy and leisure before 
and not ethics Technology are mature, to get to there, man must remove the coercive 
state to promote ethics - Remove the forced labor to promote the technology. [72] 

The road to ethical anarchy leads to government coercion, the path leads to technical 
leisure on forced labor. The curve of the culture spiral of the past from Paradise to 
Paradise Future results, assumes the following double run: Nature anarchy - 
overpopulation - Forced State - Ethics - Cultural anarchy: NaturmuGe - Migration to the 
North - Forced labor - Technology - KulturmuBe. We are now in the middle of these 
curves, a far cry from two paradises: therefore our misery. The modern average 
European is not human nature - but not yet Civilized man, nothing more animals - but 
not human, not more part of nature - but still not the master of nature. - 
6 ETHICS AND TECHNOLOGY 

Ethics and Technology are sisters: Ethics dominates the forces of nature in us, mastered 
technology the forces of nature around us. Both seek to subdue nature through 
formative mind. Ethics seeks to redeem the people through heroic negation: by 
resignation - Technology by heroic affirmation: by deed. Ethics reverses the will to 
power of the mind inwards: they want to conquer the microcosm. - Technology reverses 
the will to power of the mind to the outside: it wants to conquer the macrocosm. Neither 
ethics nor technology alone can redeem the Nordic people: for an ailing and freezing 
humanity can be saturated by either ethics [73] 

still be heated, an evil and humanity through art covetous neither right be protected 
even yet satisfied. 

What benefits people all morality, if they starve and freeze to death like? And what 
benefits people of all technical progress, where they abuse him, to each other kill and 
maim? Culture Asia suffers more than overpopulation of frost: it was therefore easier to 
technology refrain, and its ethical development indulge as Europe, where ethics and 
technology must complement each other. - [74] 

III. ASIA AND EUROPE 
1 ASIA AND EUROPE 

Asia's greatness lies in his ethics - Europe's size in his technique. Asia is the teacher of 
the world in which self-control. - Europe is the teacher of the world in the domination of 
nature. In Asia, the focus of social issue in overpopulation - in Europe in climate. Asia 
had mainly try to achieve peaceful coexistence among a majority of To enable people: it 
is only through education could the people for selflessness 

and self-control, by ethics. Europe had mainly try to capture the horrors of hunger and 
cold, the its inhabitants constantly threatened: it could only work and invention, by Art. - 
There are two basic values of life: harmony and energy, they are on all other values due. 
Asia size based on harmony and beauty. [75] 

Europe's size and beauty is based on energy: Asia lives in space: his mind is 


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introspective, introverted, quiet and closed, it is female, plant-like, static, Apollonian, 
classic, idyllic Europe lives in time: his mind is active, outward, moving and determined, 
it is Male, animal-like, dynamic, Dionysian, romantic, heroic. 

Asia symbol is the all-encompassing sea, the circle - Europe's symbol is the go-ahead 
electricity, the straight line. Here is revealed the deepest meaning the cosmic symbol 
Alpha and Omega. In sign language, it gives us that mystical, recurring polarity of force 
and form, of time and space, Man and the cosmos, which is behind the soul of Europe 
and Asia: the big Omega, the circle, the wide gate to open to the cosmos - is a symbol 
of divine harmony of Asia; the large alpha, an upwardly facing acute angle, which 
pierces the Omega - is a Symbol of human activity and determination of Europe, with 
the eternal rest of Asia breaks. A and ’ft are also in the Freudian sense unmistakable 
symbols of the male and female sex: the union of these characters means procreation 
and life and reveals the eternal dualism of the world. The same symbolism is probably 
also the Digits 1 and 0 based on: the finite one as a protest against the infinite zero - 
Yes to No. - [76] 

2 CULTURE AND CLIMATE 

The soul of Asia and Europe emerged from the Asian and European climate. Asia's 
cultural centers are warm - Europe's cultural centers in cold climates. This resulted in 
their contrasting attitudes towards nature: while the southerners as a child and friend 
may feel his generous giving nature - the northern countries is forced into a hard 
struggle everything he needs to live in wresting a stingy soil, he is faced with the choice: 
to be either master or servant of nature - but in any case their opponents. I n the south, 
the conflict between man and nature was peaceful and harmonious - in North it was 
martial-heroic. 

Europe's dynamics can be explained by the fact that it is the cultural center of the 
northern world. Since 

tens of thousands of years provide cold and barrenness of the soil to Europeans before 
the election: 

"Work or Die” Who does not want to work or could, had to starve or freeze to death. 
Through many generations of the Nordic winter systematically eradicated the weak, 
passive, sluggish and contemplative Europeans and bred as a hard working, heroic Of 
people. Since prehistoric times, the white, nor the longer blonde humanity struggles with 
the winter, the she bleached, but at the same time tempered. This prehistoric Resilience 
has allowed the Europeans to Thanks, that he his health and vigor through all his sins 
through culture today has preserved. [77] 

The white man is a son of winter, the Sun distance: to overcome the cold, He had tense 
muscles and mind to excel and create new suns himself; had to overcome the ever- 
hostile nature, umschaffen, subdue. Under this forced to choose between death and 
indeed, on the northern edge of each culture was their strongest, heroischster type: in 
Europe, the Teuton (Nor [d] manne), in Asia the J apanese, in 

America the Aztec. - The heat forces the people to limit his activity to a minimum - the 
cold compels him to increase his activity to a maximum. Always the active, heroic man of 
the North defeated the passive harmonic south and conquered: then the more civilized 
south it has assimilated the barbaric Northmen 

and civilized - until he finally conquered even by a new north, and barbarized was 
regenerated. Most military conquests in the history of northern peoples go out and 
directed against the south - most spiritual - religious disturbances are of the Sudvolkern 
and turn against the North. Europe is religious of J ews - was militarily erobrert of 
Germans: in Asia won the Religions of India and Arabia: - during its political supremacy 
J apan. The active peoples warmer zones (Araber. Turks, Tartars, Mongols) come from 


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deserts or steppes: here was the place of the northern winter, the dryness of the soil 
their taskmasters: but also took place here [78] 

necessarily the victory of the heroic people of the lovely, active on the passive, the 
hungry on the rich. - 

3 THE THREE RELIGIONS 

India's heat, which paralyzes any activity that created the contemplative mentality: 
Europe's cold, which forces them to activity, created its active mentality: China's average 
temperature that a harmonious alternation of activity and tranquility demands created its 
harmonious mentality. These three temperatures have three basic types witnessed the 
contemplative religious, heroic and harmonic type. 

The heroic religion and ethics of the North is expressed in the Edda and in the 
Philosophy of European and Japanese chivalry, and experienced their resurrection in the 
teaching of Nietzsche. Their highest virtues are courage and energy, their ideal is the 
Fight and the hero Siegfried. The peaceful religion and ethics of the South finds its 
Completion in Buddhism. Their highest virtues are austerity and gentleness, their ideal is 
the Peace and the Holy: Lord Buddha. The harmonious religion and ethics the middle 
unfolded in the West in Hellas, in the east China. It demands neither asceticism nor the 
renunciation of the struggle. She is optimistic and the other: their ideal is the noble man: 
the way Confucius, the artist [79] 

Apollo. The Greek ideal of Apollonian man stands in the middle between the Germanic 
hero Siegfried and the Indian holy Buddha. - All religious and ethical structures are 
combinations of these three basic types. Each Religion, which spreads must adapt to 
these climatic demands. Thus approaches the Oriental Christianity Sudreligion that 
means the Catholic religion, the northern Protestant religion. The same is true of 
Buddhism in Ceylon, China and J apan. - Christianity has our culture transmits the values 
of the South Asian and the Renaissance has provided us with the ancient values of the 
center: chivalry has sent us the values of the North Germanic. - 

4 HARMONY AND STRENGTH 

Europe's cultural values are mixed - mainly nordic his mind. In goodness and wisdom of 
the Oriental is superior to the Europeans - is to drive and wisdom it after him. The 
European honor is a heroic value - the oriental Would a more harmonious. Constant 
battle hardened, lasting peace softens the heart. Therefore, the Oriental is milder and 
gentler than the Europeans. Moreover, that the social history of the I ndians, Chinese, 

J apanese and J ews is many times older than that of the Germans, who in even 2000 
years ago Anarchy lived: as the Asians were able to develop their social virtues better 
and longer than the Europeans. [80] 

The goodness of the heart corresponds to the wisdom of the Spirit. Wisdom based on 
harmony - Wisdom on sharpness of mind. Wisdom is also a fruit of the mature South, 
which is rare in the north. Even the Philosophers of Europe are rarely wise, its ethicists 
rarely kind. Nor was the ancient culture 

richer in wise men, whose whole personality was the stamp clarified spirituality - during 
this type in modern Europe (among Christians) is almost extinct. Also related to the 
cultural and youth of the Germans together with the passion of European spirit. 
Moreover, that in the Christian Middle Ages the monasteries in the middle of a war and 
make the world the only asylums were for contemplative wisdom: there progressively 
withdrew the sages and died as victims of chastity vow of. The European images of 
Christ look serious and sad during the Buddha statues smile. The thinkers of Europe are 
deeply serious - while the wise smile of Asia: because they live in Harmony with 
themselves, society and nature, not in battle, any reform to begin , instead of others and 
act as more by example than by books. Beyond the Thinking they will find their 
childishness again - during early European thinkers senile. And yet, Europe is on its way 


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as great as Asia but its size is not in the Quality nor in the wisdom - but in the vigor and 
inventiveness. Europe is the hero of the earth, on every battlefront of mankind is at the 
forefront of Nations in hunting, war and technology has the euro [81] 

Europeans done more than any historical or cultural people from beside him. He has 
almost all dangerous animals extinct in his lands; defeated almost all dark colored 
peoples and subject, and finally through invention and work through a Science and 
Technology such power over nature gained as never was and never before thought 
possible. Asia's world mission is the redemption of humanity through ethics - Europe is 
the World Mission Liberation of mankind through technology. Europe's icon is not the 
way, not the saint, not the martyrs - but the hero, the Fighter, champion and liberator. 

- [82] 

IV THE EUROPEAN TECHNICAL WORLD MISSION 

1 SPIRIT OF THE EUROPEAN 

With modern times, the great civilizing mission of Europe begins. The essence of Europe 
is the will to change the world through deeds and erbessern. Europe consciously sought 
this and from the present to the future, it is in a state of constant Emancipation, 
reformation, revolution, renewal, it is addictive, skeptical, irreverent and wrestles with its 
customs and traditions. I n J ewish mythology this European Spirit corresponds to Lucifer 
- in Greek Prometheus the light bringer, which carries the divine spark to earth and who 
rebels against the heavenly Asian harmony, against the divine order, the prince of this 
world, the Father of the struggle of technology, education and progress, the leader of 
the people in his struggle against nature. The spirit of Europe has broken the political 
despotism and tyranny of the Forces of nature. The Europeans knows that's not his fate 
to fall, but seeks it through action and by mastering his mind: as an activist and as a 
rationalist. 

2 HELLAS AS BEFORE - EUROPE 

The Hellas was the forerunner of Europe, it first felt the essential difference between 
itself and Asia and discovered its activist-rationalist soul. His Olympus was not a paradise 
of peace - but a site of struggle, his supreme god was an irreverent rebel. Hellas 
dethroned his kings and gods - and put in their place the state of the citizen and the 
Religion of the people. This European Period of Greece began with the overthrow of the 
tyrant, and concluded with an Asiatic despotism of Alexander; the Diadochi, was a short 
continuation in Republican Rome which lost itself to the Roman Empire. Alexander the 
Great, the Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors were the heirs of the Asian idea of 
GroBkdnigtums. The Roman Empire differed in no material respects from the Oriental 
despotisms of China, Mesopotamia, India and Persia. In the Middle Ages, Europe was a 
spiritual and cultural province of Asia. It was dominated by the Asian religion of Christ. 
Asia was its religious culture, its mystical Mood, its monarchical form of government and 
the dualism of popes and emperors, Monks and knights. Only with the emancipation of 
Europe from Christianity, which began in the Renaissance and Reformation, continued in 
the Enlightenment, and culminated in Nietzsche - Europe came back to himself and 
separated spiritually from Asia. 

[84] 

European culture is the culture of modern times. - 

3 THE TECHNICAL BASIS OF EUROPE 

The world Philip II does not in any material respect a culture of progress towards World 
of Hammurabi: Neither in art nor in science, nor in politics, nor in the judiciary, still in 
administration. Three and a half centuries, and between us Philip lie, the world has 
changed thoroughly than in the previous three and a half Millennia. It was the technique 


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that Europe out of its Asian slumber of the Middle Ages aroused. She has chivalry and 
feudalism by the invention of the firearm - and Papacy Superstition defeated by 
invention of printing; has compass and marine engineering they opened the Europeans, 
the foreign parts of the world, which they then, with the help of the powder captured, 
has. The progress of modern science is not about the development of the technology 
Disconnect: without a telescope there would be no modern astronomy, without any 
microscope bacteriology. The modern art is closely connection with the art: modern 
Instrumental music, modern architecture, modern theater to rest partially on 
technical basis. The effect of photography on portraiture is also increase: because, as 
the photograph in [85] 

Reproduction of facial shapes is unsurpassable, they will force the painting to her 
withdraw very own field and capture the essence, the soul of man. - A effect similar to 
the photograph on the painting could the cinematography to the Theater exercise. The 
modern strategy has changed thoroughly under the influence of technology. From a 
psychological science has become mainly a technical art of war. The 
today's war methods differ from those of the medieval important than the struggle, the 
indigenous peoples. The whole policy of presence is marked by the technical 
development: democracy, Nationalism and popular education can be traced back to the 
invention of printing: Industrialism and colonial imperialism. Capitalism and socialism are 
Consequences of technical and Vortschrittes imposed by him changing the World 
economy. As of a patriarchal agriculture, craft an individualistic Creates mentality - that 
creates the common, organized I ndustiearbeit the socialist Mentality: the technical 
organization of the work is reflected in the socialist organization of the workers. Finally, 
technological progress has changed the Europeans themselves: he is hasty, nervous, 
volatile, more alert, quick-witted, rationalist, active, practical and wiser become. We 
emphasize from these sequelae of the art of our culture, is what 
remains, in any way higher than the ancient Egyptian and ancient Babylonian culture - 
in some respects even deeper. [86] 

Of the art, Europe owes its lead over all other cultures. It was through her it was the 
Lord and leader of the world. Europe is a function of the equipment. America has the 
highest increase in Europe. - 

4 TECHNICAL WORLD TURNING 

The technological age in Europe is a world-historical event whose importance to the 
I nvention of the furnace in human prehistory is to be compared. With the invention of 
Fire began the history of human culture, the incarnation of the started Beastmen. All of 
the following material and spiritual progress of mankind build on the discovery of the 
original Europeans Prometheus. The technique represents a similar turning point in 
human history as the Fire. I n tens of thousands of years of history will be divided into a 
pre - the technical and one for - technical era. The Europeans - the longest so far will 
be extinct - is that the future of humanity as the Father of technical Weltenwende be 
praised as a savior. The potential impact of the technological age, at the beginning we 
are standing, obvious. It creates the material basis for all the cultures that are are 
distinguished by their altered significantly from all previous base. All previous cultures of 
the ancient Egyptian and Chinese to that of the Middle Ages, were each in their 
sequence and in their development as similar as [87] 

they rested on the same technical conditions. From the earliest times to the Egyptian 
End of the Middle Ages, the technology has made no significant progress. The culture 
that will emerge from the technological age, is as far above the ancient and medieval are 
- like this about the cultures of the Stone Age. - 

5 EUROPE AS A CULTURE TANGENT 

Europe is not a culture - it is a culture tangent: tangent to the large circle over the 


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Oriental cultures that emerged, flourished and passed to younger elsewhere to rise 
again. This culture circuit Europe has blown up and worn a path in the direction that 
unknown life forms will receive. Within the oriental cultures of the East and the West 
was all been there: the technical culture of Europe but is something Niedagewesenes, 
something truly new. Europe is a transition between the self-contained complex of all 
previous historic cultures and the culture of the future. An age in importance and 
dynamics is the European equivalent, the traces but we have lost, have the 
altbabvlonischen, ancient Chinese and ancient Egyptian culture have preceded. This 
prehistoric ago - Europe has the [88] 

Created the foundation for all cultures of the past millennia, as modern Europe it was a 
culture tangent that had detached itself from the circuit during the on-prehistoric 
cultures. The end of the great world history is made up of Asian culture cycles and 
European cultural tangents. Without these tangents (the only spiritual, not in are 
European geographical sense) there would be only development, not development. After 
a long period of maturity dissolves again an ingenious people out of the darkness of the 
times, beyond the natural growing process and highlights the humanity to a higher level. 
Inventions, not seals or religions call this the Staten Culture Lung escaped: the invention 
of bronze, of iron, of electricity. These inventions form the eternal legacy of an age to all 
the cultures. Is of ancient 

nothing left - during the modern era, the culture enriched by the conquest of the 
Electricity and other forces of nature: these inventions will survive the fist 
Divine Comedy and the Iliad. 

With the medieval castle of the culture of Iron - the modern age begins with the culture 
the machine: here does not begin a new culture - but a new era. Creator of this 
technological age is the ingenious people of Promethiden-Germanized Europeans. On 
their ingenuity as well as the modern culture is based on the ethics of J ews, the art of 
the Greeks and the Romans policy. - [89] 

6 LIONARDO AND BACON 

At the beginning of the technological age have two great Europeans what Europe 
anticipated: Leonardo da Vinci and Bacon of Verulam. Leonardo was devoted to technical 
Tasks with the same passion and artistic. His favorite was the problem Human flight, the 
solution of our time has witnessed in amazement. I n I ndia, there should be J oghis which 
cancel by ethics and asceticism, the gravity and the 

Can float air; Europe beat the ingenuity of engineers and its Materialization: the airplane, 
the force of gravity by technical means. Levitation and Flight technique symbolically 
represent the Asian and European path to power and freedom 
human dar. - 

Bacon was the creator of the bold technological utopia "New Atlantis". Your technical 
Character it differs significantly from all previous utopias, from Plato to Norus. The 
transformation of medieval Asian-European thinking in a latter day expressed From the 
contrast of Morus Ethical-political "Utopia” and Bacon's scientific technically "New 
Atlantis”. Morus still sees in social - ethical reforms the lever 
Improving the World - Bacon technical inventions. Morus was still Christian - Bacon 
Europeans already. - [90] 

V. HUNT - WAR - OPERATION 
1 POWER AND FREEDOM 

The contemplative man lives in peace with its environment - operating in the continuous 
State of war. To get to enforce and it must constantly develop foreign and enemy forces 
repel, destroy, enslave. 

The struggle is a struggle for freedom and power. Win means to enforce his will. 


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Therefore, only the winner is free, only the winner powerful. Between freedom and 
power can be do not draw a line: the full enjoyment of their own freedom violated 
foreign interests: is power the only assurance of uninhibited freedom. The struggle of 
humanity for freedom coincides with their struggle for power. I n the Course she has 
conquered the world and subdued: the animal kingdom by hunting and animal 
husbandry - the Plant kingdom by agriculture - the mineral kingdom through mining - 
the forces of nature through technology. From an unassuming, weak animals, man is the 
Lord of the earth soared. - [97] 

2 HUNTING 

The first phase of the human struggle was the era of hunting. I n hundreds of thousands 
of years-long struggles of man has dominion over the Wildlife won. This victorious 
struggle of the people against all relatively weak extinct and extant species is larger and 
wilder in its magnificence compare with the conquest of the ancient world through the 
small village of Latin Rome. Man triumphed over all horns and teeth, paws and claws its 
better physically armed rivals only by the weapon of his superior intellect, which is in the 
course this battle has constantly honed. The objectives of the human struggle against its 
enemies were animal defensive and offensive: Defense and enslavement. First, the man 
was content to make the enemy harmless animals by Defense and extermination, and he 
later began to tame them and make use of them. He transformed wolves into dogs, 
buffalo in cattle, wild elephants, camels, reindeer, donkeys, horses, Llamas, goats, sheep 
and cats tame. So he threw himself from the family of prehistoric 
Rival an army of animal slaves, an arsenal of living machines in his service worked and 
fought, his freedom and his power multiplied. - 

3 WAR 

To maintain and enhance the acquired power, the man proceeded to his Fellow human 
beings [92] 

using the same methods to fight like the animal world. The era of hunting was 
transformed in an age of war. The man wrestled with the man to the distribution of the 
Wildlife conquered Earth. Defended the weaker from the stronger, destroyed or 
enslaved: War was a special form of hunting, slavery, a specialized form of animal 
husbandry. I n the struggle for Power and Freedom won the stronger, bolder and wiser 
man over the weaker, feigeren, stupider. The war sharpened the human spirit, steeled 
the man power. - 

4 WORK 

In the long run neither hunting nor war alone could feed the people: he had again make 
a change of front, and take up the fight against the lifeless nature. The Age of the work 
began. Yet brought wars and hunting adventure fame and sensations - but the focus of 
life shifted after work, because they only him the food brought it needed for its 
preservation. The work was a special type of war - the technology a special form of 
slavery: instead Human nature forces were defeated and enslaved. By working man 
fighting hunger: he threw himself to the ground and the Crops and earned their income. 
By working man fought the winter frost: built houses, wove fabrics, felled wood. He 
protected himself by working from the enemy Forces of nature. - [93] 

5 THE WAR AS ANACHITONI SMUS 

Hunting, war, work went into each other in so many ways that it is impossible for them 
chronologically to separate from each other. Earlier the age of hunting ran parallel with 
the thousands of years the war - as now, the age of war runs parallel with the work, but 
the Focus of the battle front shifted and shifted constantly. While originally the Hunt 
stood at the center of human activity occurred in the aftermath of the war and in its 
place last work. The war, which was once essential and necessary for the progress of 


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civilization, has this meaning lost and has become a dangerous pest culture. Today not 
call wars the stages of progress - but inventions. The decisive battles of human freedom 
and power to play today at the front the work from. I n a time when the world war is 
interested only historians, our Turn of the century stand as glorious birth of human 
flight. How was the age of the war, the hunt as an anachronism - that gets in the age 
the work of the war as an anachronism. But in this era every war Civil War, because 
it is directed against militants and the J oint Labor Front confused. I n the age of the 
glorification of work Kriges is as outdated as the War era, the glory of the hunt. 

Originally, the [94] 

Dragon and lion slayer of the hero, and then it was the commander, and finally there is 
the inventor. 

Lavoisier has done more for human development, as Robespierre and Bonaparte 
together. How prevailed in the era of hunters hunting in the war era of the warrior - that 
is in the age the work of the workers prevail. - 
6 TECHNOLOGY 

The age of the work falls into the of agriculture and technology. As a farmer, man 
against nature is primarily defensive - as a technician offensively. The methods of work 
are similar to those of war and hunting: Defence and enslavement. The era of 
agriculture is limited to ward off hunger and cold - while the Technology is transitioning 
to enslave the formerly hostile forces of nature. The man has power Today, steam and 
electricity, and a slave army of machines. With them he defends not only against cold 
and hunger, natural disasters and disease - but it even takes to tackle the barriers of 
space, time and gravity. Its Struggle for freedom from the forces of nature turns into a 
struggle for power over the forces of nature. - Technology is the practical application of 
science to control nature; technique for the broader sense includes chemistry as nuclear 
technology and medicine as organic technology. Spiritualized art work: thus [95] 
it reduces the workload increases and they return to work. Technique is based on heroic, 
aktivistisher attitude to nature, they do not want the will of natural forces add, but 
dominate it. The will to power is the driving force behind of technical progress. I n the 
forces of nature provides the technician tyrant to topple the, Opponents to defeat those 
beasts are tame. - The technique is a child of the European mind. - 
VI. THE CAMPAIGN OF TECHNOLOGY 

1 EUROPE'S MASS WOE 

Due to the increase in population, the situation of Europeans will increasingly desperate 
and, despite the recent advances in technology, it is still in a rather pitiful state. The 
specters of hunger and freezing to death, he has pushed back - but at the price of his 
Freedom and its leisure. The terrible forced labor begins for the Europeans in the age of 
seven with the School Constraints and usually ends only with death. His childhood is 
poisoned by the Preparation for life struggle which in the following decades his whole 
time and Personality, his vitality and joy of life devours. At leisure is the death penalty, 
and the assets less average European has the choice: either to exhaustion to work or 
starve with her children. The whip hunger drives him on, despite Exhaustion, disgust and 
bitterness continue working. The peoples of Europe have undertaken two policy 
experiments, this wretched To improve state: colonialism and socialism. - [97] 

2 COLONIAL POLICY 

The first form of colonialism is the conquest and colonization of sparsely populated 
Erdstriche by nations that suffer from overpopulation. Emigration is actually save capable 
of over-population countries and people, which the European crowd intolerable is to 
ensure a free and dignified existence. The emigration offers still many millions of people 
a way out of hell and should therefore extend to the European any way be encouraged. 

- The second form of colonial policy based on exploitation warmer Erdstriche and 


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colored Peoples. People south breeds by European guns and rifles from their roused 
golden leisure and forced to work in the service of Europe. The poorer, but more 
systematically plundering the richer north south but weaker, he robs him Wealth, 
freedom and leisure, and used this robbery for the increase of their own wealth, their 
own freedom and their own leisure. This aids the robbery, exploitation and slavery, some 
European Nations owe part of their prosperity, they put in a position, the lot of their local 
workers to improve. - I n the long run this tool must fail: because its inevitable result is a 
tremendous slave revolt, which sweep the Europeans from the colored colonies and thus 
Europe's tropical culture base will fall. - [98] 

Also, the emigration is only a temporary aids: already are some colonies just as crowded 
as their mother countries and nourish the same misery. The time must come when there 
will be no more deserted areas on earth. Until then, new means must be found to the 
European doom counter. - 

3 SOCIAL POLICY 

The second attempt to alleviate the European mass misery, takes socialism. Socialism 
wants ban by the European hell even distribution of Workload and labor income. There is 
no doubt that lot, the European masses significantly improve common-sense reforms 
could. However, if the 

social progress is not being worn by a recovery of the art, it can the social Only relieve 
misery, do not fix it. Because the work load that is necessary for feeding and warming 
the much too many Europeans, large, the working income that the rough and not 
enough fertile in Europe also 

intensive utilization yields relatively small, so that even when most fair distribution on 
each 

Europeans lot of work and very little pay would fall. Would at the present state of the art 
dissolve the life in a socialist Europe to the dual action: working to eat and eat to work. 
The ideal of equality would be achieved but of freedom, leisure and Culture would be 
[99] 

Europe further than ever. To liberate people, Europe is on the one hand to barbaric, on 
the other hand poor. The assets of the wealthy few, spread over all, would trace 
disappear: the poverty would not be abolished, but generalized. Socialism alone is 
unable Europe from his bondage and his misery Lead to freedom and prosperity. Neither 
ballots nor may the shares Collier compensate for the fact that he has to spend his life in 
caves and shafts. Most Slaves of oriental despots are freer than the free laborers of a 
socialized work. Socialism fails the European problem, if he does in the unfair distribution 
Fundamental evil of the European economy looks instead to the insufficient production. 
The root the European misery is the necessity of forced labor not in the I njustice of their 
distribution. Socialism is wrong to capitalism in the last Cause of the deadly forced labor 
does, groaning under the Europe, for in truth only flows a very small part of the 
European labor power to the capitalists and their luxury: the vast majority of this work is 
used in a barren part of the world to a fruitful transform, to get a cold to a warm and on 
it a number of people, which he attributed to naturally could not feed. The winter and 
the overpopulation of Europe are harder and more cruel despot, as all Capitalists: but do 
not lead the European politicians [100] 

Revolution against these ruthless tyrant - but the inventor. - 

4 TECHNICAL WORLD REVOLUTION 

The colonial imperialism, as well as socialism are palliative, not remedy the European 
disease, they can relieve the distress, not banish; postpone the disaster, not using 
contraception. Europe will have to decide either to decimate its population and to 
commit suicide - or by generous increase production and Vervollkomnung to recover the 


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art. Because only this way can the Europeans to prosperity, Leisure and culture lead, 
while the social and colonial finally escape routes in Dead-end lead. Europe must also be 
clear that technical progress a war of liberation 

Stiles is greatest against the toughest, most brutal and ruthless tyrants: the Nordic 
nature. 

Of the outputs of this technical world revolution depends on whether humanity which 
once in eons possible opportunity: to become the mistress of nature - benefits, or 
whether this 

Opportunity, perhaps for ever, lets go unused over. - A hundred years ago as Europe 
opened the offensive against the overpowering nature, against which had until then only 
defended. It was not content more so, at the mercy of Forces of nature to live: but it 
began to enslave his enemies. [101] 

Technology has begun to supplement the slave army of pets and the army of slaves 
Difficult to replace workers with machines that are operated by natural forces. - 

5 THE ARMY OF TECHNOLOGY 

Europe (and with it, America) has the greatest on this most momentous of wars and 
Globe mobilized. On the frontlines of the global labor army against the arbitrariness of 
the natural forces fights, the industrial workers, their officers, engineers, contractors, 
directors, their 

General Staff are the inventors, their train farmers and farm workers, their artillery 
Machines, their trenches, mines, factories, their forts. With this army, whose reserves he 
takes all parts of the world, the white man hopes To break the tyranny of nature, to 
subdue their forces to the human spirit, and so the People to finally liberate. - 

6 VICTORY OF ELECTRICAL 

The technical army has suffered its first decisive victory over one of the oldest Enemies 
of the human race: the flash. Has always been the spark of electricity as lightning 
threatened the people, wounded, killed, has its Burned houses and killed his cattle. This 
treacherous enemies, who never in it any helped a manner that the person was 
surrendered by hundreds of thousands of years to Benjamin Franklin by invention [102] 
lightning rod of his reign of terror over the people broke. The electric spark as a scourge 
of humanity was thus averted. But the white man was not content with this save Wins: 
he went on the offensive and reached it in a century this enemy into a slave, this 
dangerous predator in its 

to convert most useful pet. Today, the electric spark that once our forefathers met with 
horror lit, our Room, cooking our tea, ironed our clothes, our heated room, ringing our 
bells, carried our letters (telegrams), pulls cars and wagons, machinery drives - So, with 
In a word, our messenger, postman, porter, cook, heaters, lighting, workers, Porters and 
even become our executioner. What today is the electric spark in Europe and America 
does in the service of the people, would be even a doubling of the human Working hours 
are not removed to replace. Like these formerly hostile force of nature not only was 
repulsed, but in has become the most indispensable and useful servant of the people - 
that will one day the waters of the sea and the gluten of the sun, storms and floods from 
Enemies of the people are slaves. From poisons to cure deadly germs from Vaccinations. 
As the man of primitive times has tamed wild animals and subjected - as 
tames and modern man subjecting wild forces of nature. By such victories, the Nordic 
man [103] 

is once freedom, leisure and culture conquer: not by depopulation or renunciation, not by 
War and revolution - but through invention and work through spirit and deed. - 

7 THE INVENTOR AS SAVIOR 

In our era of European history inventor is a major benefactor of mankind as the Holy 


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One. The inventor of the automobile has done more good for the horses and saves them 
more suffering as all animal welfare organizations in the world. The car is small in terms 
of thousands of East Asian coolies from their Zugtierdasein to redeem. The inventor of 
diphtheria - and Blatter serum have saved more children's lives than any Nurseries. The 
galley slaves owed their liberation of modern marine technology, while by the 
introduction of modern technology Petroleumfeuerung the stoker from their Hell 
occupations begins to redeem. The inventor who, for instance by nuclear fragmentation, 
creates a practical carbon replacement - is done more for humanity than the most 
successful social reformer, for he is redeem the millions of coal miners from their 
inhuman existence, a large Part of the human workload pay off - while today it no 
communist dictator could avoid condemning people to that underground mine life. The 
chemist, who manages to wood consumption [104] 

make that would free mankind from the Sklavenjoche of hunger, and the longer they 
suppressed cruel than any human tyranny. - Neither ethics nor art, nor religion, nor 
politics will repay the heavenly curse - but art. The organic technology, medicine, it is 
reserved for the Erbfluch the 

To banish wife, thou shalt bring forth children in pain Your ", the inorganic Technology is 
subject to banish the Erbfluch the man: "I n the sweat of thy brow shalt You eat your 
bread. 

In many ways our Zeitarter similar to the beginning of the Roman Empire. Then hoped 
the 

World of redemption by the Kingdom of Peace of the Pax Romana. The hoped-for world 
change came - but from a completely different source: not from the outside - but 
inside, not by politics - but by Religion, not by Caesar Augustus - but through J esus 
Christ. Also, we are facing a turning world; humanity today expects from the socialist 
Era, the dawn of the golden age. The hoped-for world is turning, perhaps, are: but not 
by politics - but by technique: not a revolutionary - but by 

an inventor: not by Lenin - but by a man who may already somewhere nameless lives 
and one day it will be possible through new development, unimagined energy sources to 
save humanity from hunger, cold and forced labor. - 
[105] 

VII ULTIMATE GOAL OF TECHNOLOGY 
1 CULTURE AND SLAVERY 

Any previous culture was founded on slavery: slaves on the ancient, the medieval of 
serfs, on the modern proletarians. - The importance of slaves based on the fact that 
they by their lack of freedom and more working space provide for the freedom and 
leisure of a ruling class that is a prerequisite of any culture education. Because it is not 
possible that the same people are doing the tremendous physical work, the need for 
food, clothing and shelter of her generation - and at the same time immense mental 
work that is needed to create and sustain a culture. Everywhere there is division of labor 
so that the brain can think, have the guts digest, without their roots burrow in the earth, 
no plant can bloom to the sky. Support people of every culture are developed. 
Development is impossible without an atmosphere of freedom and leisure: and the rock 
can only be in liquid, free state crystallize, where it is included unfree, it must remain 
amorphous. The visual culture of freedom and Leisure [106] 
less could only be created by slavery and revision of many. In northern and crowded 
bars was the divine existence of thousands and always built around an animal existence 
of hundreds of thousands. The modern age with their Christian, social ideas was faced 
with the alternative: either culture sacrifices - or maintain slavery. Spoke against the 
first contingency aesthetic - from the second ethical concerns: the first was repugnant to 


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the taste, the second sense. Western Europe opted for the second solution: the rest of 
his bourgeois culture receive, it retained the industrial proletariat in masked form of 
slavery in - while Russia gets ready to grab the first solution: it frees its proletarian, but 
brings this emancipation of slaves his whole culture to the victim. Both solutions are 
unbearable in their consequence. The human spirit must go to a Way out of this 
dilemma are searching to find him in the art. You alone can at the same time Break 
slavery and save the culture. 

2 THE MACHINE 

Ultimate goal of the technique is replacement of slave labor by machine labor; survey of 
Total humanity to a ruling caste, in the service of an army of forces in nature Machinery 
working shape. [107] 

We are on the way to this goal: previously had almost all of the technical energy 
generated by human or animal muscle - today they are often by steam power, Electricity 
and motor power replaced. More and more people fall to the role of a regulator of 
energies - instead of a producer. Yesterday moved to the coolie workers as the culture 
forward - tomorrow he will be their chauffeur who observes, thinks, and directs, instead 
of running and sweat. The machine is the liberation of the people from the yoke of 
slavery. They can through afford a more brain work and create more values as a million 
poor. The machine is materialized spirit people, frozen mathematics, the grateful 
creature of man, begotten from the mental power of the inventor, born of the muscle 
strength of the workers. The machine has a dual mission: to increase the production and 
work reduce and simplify. By increase of his production the machine will break down the 
emergency - by reducing the labor slavery. Today the workers must be human only in 
the lowest part - because for the most part he Machine must be: in the future, the 
machine is the Machine that the Mechanical Work and let the people take the human, 
the organic. So opened 

the machine's view of spirituality and individualization of human work: their free and 
creative component will grow over the auto [108] 

cally-mechanical - the spiritual over the material. Only then will the work cease to 
depersonalize the people to mechanize, to degrade, then only the work of the game, the 
sport and the free creative activity are similar. It is not, as now, be a hostage who 
suppressed all human - but a tool 

against boredom, a distraction and a physical or mental exercise to develop of all 
abilities. This work, which will make the human brain as his machine and on Rule is 
founded, is blunt rather stimulate, depress raise instead. - 

3 REMOVAL OF A GREAT CITY 

Besides these two tasks: relieve the suffering of increasing production and reducing 
slavery by reduction and individualization of labor - the machine has still a third culture 
mission: the resolution of the modern city and the recycling of the Man in nature. - The 
origins of the modern city comes at a time when the horse is the fastest Transport was 
and there was no telephones. At that time it was necessary that the People in close 
proximity to their places of work and, consequently, to a confined space lived crammed 
together. Technology has changed these conditions: train, car, bicycle and telephone 
allow the workers today, many miles away from his office to residential. For the 
Construction [109] 

and the accumulation of tenements is no longer necessary. I n the future, the People 
have the opportunity to live side by side instead of one above the other, in gardens to 
breathe healthy air, bright and spacious rooms in a healthy, clean-looking, to lead decent 
lives. Electric and gas stoves (without the trouble of Protect heating and procure the fuel 
material) from the winter chill, electric Lamps before the long winter nights. The human 


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spirit will triumph over the winter and make the northern residential zone as well as the 
moderate. The development of the garden city has already begun: the rich leave the 
centers of the Cities they inhabited before, and settle on the periphery or in the 
Environment. The newly emerging industrial cities stretch into the distance instead of the 
height. - At a higher level, the cities of the future in the system will have some similarity 
with those of the Middle Ages grouped as there is a huge cathedral, the low public house 
were - that are at once a giant skyscraper (of all public and private Bureaus and include 
its goods and eating house is), the low houses and wide Gardens in the garden city 
expand. I n factory towns, the factory is that central cathedral of the His work: the 
devotion of the people in these cathedrals of future work for the His community. Who 
will not be professionally tied to the city, will live in the country, through the 
Transmission lines and wireless connections to the conveniences, [110] 

Activities and distractions of the city will participate. A time will come when people will 
not understand how it once was possible to live in the stone labyrinths, which we now 
know as modern cities. Their Ruins will then be admired, as now, the dwellings of the 
cave dwellers. The 

Doctors will rack their brains as ever from the hygienic point of view was possible that 
people in such seclusion of nature, freedom, light and air, such an atmosphere of soot, 
smoke, dust and dirt live and prosper at all could. - The coming degradation of the city 
as a result of the upswing of traffic engineering is a necessary precondition of real 
culture. Because in the unnatural and unhealthy Atmosphere of today's big city people 
are systematically in body, mind and spirit 

poisoned and crippled. The city culture is a marsh plant: because it is supported by 
degenerate, morbid and decadent people who voluntarily or involuntarily in this Dead 
ends of life are advised. - 
4 THE CULTURE OF PARADISE Ml I LLI ONARS 

The technique is able to modern man more happiness and To promote opportunities for 
the last time their princes and kings. To be sure, today, at the beginning of the technical 
world-period, the number of those who are I nventions [111] 

tions of modern times unlimited available, low. A modern dollar millionaire can with all 
the luxury, all comfort, all art and all Surrounded by beauty that offers the earth. He can 
enjoy all the fruits of nature and culture, may, without work, live where and how he 
pleases. He may, by telephone and car Be optionally connected to the world or divorced 
her, he can as a hermit in the 

Big city life or in society at his country seat; needs neither under the climate still suffer 
from overpopulation, hunger and frost are unknown to him, by his Aeroplane he is the 
master of the air through his yacht Lord of the seas. I n many ways, he is free and 
powerful than Napoleon and Caesar. They could only dominate people - but not Flying 
over oceans and continents speak. He, however, is Lord of nature. Forces of nature use 
it as an invisible, powerful servant and spirits. With their help, he can quickly and fly 
higher than a bird, about the Earth at a speed faster than a gazelle and live under water 
like a fish. He is free through these abilities and powers, even as the natives of the 
South Pacific and has overcome the curse of paradise. I n a roundabout way about the 
culture he is a more perfect paradise returned. - The basis for such perfect life has 
created the technology. For a select few has made from the Nordic forests and swamps 
cultural havens. I n this Lucky children can see a man of destiny promise to his children's 
children. They are the vanguard of humanity on their way in the Eden of the [112] 

Future. What is the exception today, may, with further technological advances will rule. 
Technology has broken the gates of Paradise: through the narrow entrance are so far 
only paced a few: but the road is open and can once through diligence and spirit all 
Humanity follow those lucky children. Humans need not despair: he was never his goal 


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as close as today A few centuries ago was the possession of a glass window, a mirror, a 
clock, of Sugar soap or a great luxury: the technical production has these once rare 
goods over the masses scattered. As everyone now carries a clock and has a mirror - 
this could perhaps in a century everyone a car, his villa and have his telephone. The 
Prosperity must increase more rapidly and more generally, the faster the Production 
figures to rise in proportion to the population numbers. It is the culture of the target 
Technology to offer once all the people living ways through which those millionaires 
today . feature Against, not against wealth - why fight the technology against the need 
Bondage - not against domination. Your goal is generalization of the wealth, power, of 
leisure, beauty and happiness: not proletarianization, but the aristocratization Humanity 
[113] 

VIII THE SPIRIT OF TECHNICAL AGE 

1 HEROIC PACIFISM 

The paradise of the future can not sneak through coups - it only can be achieved by 
Conquer work. The spirit of the technological age is heroic pacifist: heroic, because Art 
of war with a changed object is - because his pacifist struggle is not against People 
oriented, but against forces of nature. - The technical heroism is bloodless: the technical 
hero works, thinks, acts, and dares 

tolerate, not to seek for his fellow man for life, but to them from the Yoke of slavery to 
redeem from hunger, cold, poverty and forced labor. The hero of the technological age 
is a peaceful hero of the work and the spirit. - The work of the technical age is 
asceticism: self-control and self-denial. In their present form and its present proportions 
it is not a pleasure, but a hard sacrifice, 
we offer up our neighbors and descendants. [114] 

Asceticism is exercise: it is the Greek term for what is called in English training: by this 
translation of the term asceticism loses his pessimistic character and is optimistic-heroic. 
The optimistic, life-affirming asceticism of the technological age is preparing a kingdom 
of God 

on earth before: it clears the earth to paradise, and for this purpose they move 
mountains, rivers 

and lakes, wrapped the world in cable and rails, creates Urvaldern plantations from 
Steppes farmland. As a supernatural being, man changed the earth's surface his needs. 

2 THE SPIRIT OF INERTIA 

I n the era of work and technology there is no greater vice than inertia - as in the age 
the war is no greater vice than cowardice. Overcoming inertia is the main task of 
technical heroism. Where life manifests as energy - is the inertia of the signs of death. 
The Struggle of life against death is a battle against the inertia of the breath. The victory 
of the Death over life is a triumph of inertia about the energy. The messengers of death 
are age and disease: in them gaining power over the inertia of the energy of life: trains, 
limbs, Movements become limp and drooping, vitality, courage and vitality decrease, 
everything tends to the earth, is tired and sluggish - to the man who no longer go 
forward and [115] 

can not keep upright, falls a victim to the inertia in the grave: the triumphs there Inertia 
about life. All young flowers strive against gravity, to the sun: drop all ripe fruits of 
overcome the force of gravity to Earth. - Symbol of victory over the technical gravity of 
the triumphant human will and Human spirit over the inertia of matter is the flying man. 
Few things are as sublime and as beautiful as he. Here, truth and fiction, romance, and 
marry Technology, the myths of Daedalus and Wieland with the visions of Leonardo and 
Goethe, through Deeds of technicians are the most daring poet dreams reality: on wings 


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that have Spirit and his will have excited, man about space, time and gravity rises, over 
land and sea. - 

3 BEAUTY AND TECHNOLOGY 

Anyone still doubting the value of beauty of the art, must in the face of the flying People 
fall silent. But not only the aircraft gives us new beauty: also Automotive, motor, express 
locomotive, dynamo activity and are Motion of its own, specific beauty. But because this 
beauty is dynamic, can they do not like the static beauty of the landscape of brush, pen 
and chisel held 

be: therefore it does not exist for people without original sense of beauty, the art require 
as Wegweiserin in the maze of beauty. [116] 

One thing is beautiful by the ideals of harmony and vitality, and it gives us the Impulses 
that it gives us in these directions. Thus, each culture creates its own Symbols of power 
and beauty: 

the Greeks increased its own harmony of statues and temples; the Romans increased his 
strength and courage to fight the circus and its predators Gladiators; the medieval 
Christian deepened and glorified his soul through empathy with the passion in Sacrifice 
of the Mass and sacraments of the altar; the citizens of the modern era grew to the 
heroes of his novels and theater; The Japanese learned grace, grace and fate Serge 
yellowing of its flowers. - I n a time of restless progress of the beauty ideal had to be 
dynamic - and with it its symbol. The man of the technological age is a student of the 
machine he created: he learns of her tireless work and gathered strength. The machine 
as Creature and temple of the Holy Spirit symbolized people overcoming of matter 
through the Spirit, by the movement of the stare, by the force of inertia: the Explore Rub 
in the service of the idea that humanity was liberated by the act. - The technique has 
the next Zeitaltet given a new form of expression: the cinema. The Cinema is on the 
point, the theater of today, the Church of yesterday, circus and amphitheater from 
yesterday to replace and to play a leading role in the work culture of the future state. 

[117] 

I n all his artistic shortcomings today begins the film, a new gospel unconsciously to wear 
the masses: the gospel of strength and beauty. He announces beyond good and evil, the 
triumph of man's strongest and most beautiful woman - whether the Man who towers 
over his rivals of body, will and mind power, adventurer or hero, Criminal or detective, 
and whether the woman sexy or noble, graceful or selfless is than the other, or 
courtesan mother. To preach the canvas in a thousand variations of the Men: "Be 
strong!" the women: "Be nice!” This massive educational mission that lies dormant in the 
cinema to purify, and expand a the largest and the most important aspects of today's 
artists: for the cinema of the Future is unquestionably on the proletarian culture have a 
greater influence than the theater on the bourgeois. - 

4 EMANCIPATION 

The cult of the technological age is a worship of power. For the development of harmony 
lack of time and leisure. In their character the golden age of culture is used to stand, the 
will follow the iron age work. Indicative of the dynamic adjustment of our era it is male - 
European Character. The male-European Nietzsche's ethics is the protest against our age 
the female-Asian morality of Christianity. Also, the emancipation of women is a sym- 

[118] 

ptom for the masculinization of our world, because it does not lead the female human 
type to power - but the male. While previously the female woman by their influence on 
Men participated in the world domination - swing today men of both sexes the scepter 
of economic and political power. The emancipation of women is the Triumph of virago 


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about the real, feminine woman, it does not lead to victory - but the abolition of the 
woman. The lady is already dying out: the woman should follow her. - By emancipation 
is the female sex, which was previously dismissed in part, for mobilized the technical 
War and queued in the army of labor. - The emancipation of Asians taking place under 
the same conditions as the Emancipation of women, it is a symptom of the 
Europeanization of our world, for they does not lead the oriental type to victory - but the 
European. Whereas previously the oriental spirit by Christianity dominated Europe - 
share and white today colored Europeans in world domination. The so-called awakening 
of the Orient means the Triumph of the yellow Europeans about the true Orientals, it 
does not lead to victory - but the destruction of the oriental culture. Where in East Asia, 
the blood wins, he wins with the 

Spirit of Europe: the male, tough, dynamic, ambitious, energetic, rationalist spirit. To 
participate in the progress, Asia needs its harmonious soul and culture against European- 
vital interchange. - The emancipation of Asians is their entry into the Eu ro- [ 119] 

American army of labor and their mobilization for technical war. After its triumphant 
termination Asia is again the woman be feminine again can: Asia and then the woman 
will educate the world purer harmony. But until then Asians have to wear the uniform 
European - the women, the male. - 

5 CHRISTIANITY AND knighthood 

Who understands cultural harmony with nature, must call our barbaric era - who 
understands cultural engagement with nature, the specific needs, male European Worthy 
shape our culture. The Christian Oriental origin of the European ethics made them fail to 
recognize the ethical value of technological progress, only appears heroic ascetic 
struggle from the perspective of technical Nietzsche Age to salvation through spirit and 
drive as good and noble. The virtues of the technological age are mainly: energy, 
endurance, bravery, Renunciation, self-control and solidarity. These properties toughen 
the soul bloodless, hard struggle of social work. - The ethics of work is linked to the 
chivalrous ethic of struggle in: both male, both Nordic. Only these ethics will adapt to the 
new circumstances and the place of survived chivalry set a new working honor. The new 
concept of honor is based on work - The new shame [120] 

to laziness. The lazy man is considered a deserter from the labor front and despised are. 
The objects of the new hero worship will be an inventor, instead of generals: Values- 
Creator-destroyer instead of values. From the Christian moral ethics of the work the spirit 
of pacifism and is Socialism accept: because only the peace-productive for the technical 
development - the 

War is destructive and only because of the social spirit of cooperation among all 
professionals to 

may lead technical victories over nature. - 

6 THE BUDDHIST DANGER 

Each passivistische and hostile propaganda against the technical and industrial 
development depends - is treason in the work of army in Europe: for it is Call to retreat 
and desertion during the decisive battle. - Tolstoyans and neo-Buddhists make this 
cultural transgression guilty: they call the white Humanity to surrender shortly before 
their final victory for nature, the art of the 

conquered grounds to vacate voluntarily and primitiveness of agriculture and animal 
husbandry 

return. Tired of the fight they want Europe to continue his humble nature in a 
impoverished, childlike existence eking out - instead of by the highest exertion of the 
mind, Will and victorious muscles to create a new world. What is viable and able to cope 
with life even in Europe, rejects this cultural suicide from: it feels the [121] 


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Uniqueness of his situation and his responsibility to the future of humanity. One 
Capitulation of the art would reflect the world in Asian culture circuit. Hard in front of 
their goals would the world of technology revolution that Europe is collapsing, and one 
of the greatest humanity buried hopes. The North Country Europe that of his heroic work 
lives, must fend off the enervating spirit of Buddhism. J apan has, according more 
industrialized it to move away from Buddhism internally, as would Europe, the more it 
inwardly Buddhism surrenders, neglect its technical mission and betrayed. Buddhism is a 
wonderful culmination of mature cultures - but a dangerous poison for expectant 
cultures. His belief is good for the age, for the fall - like religion 

Nietzsche for youth and spring - the belief Goethe for the bloom of summer. - Buddhism 
would stifle the technology - and with it the spirit of Europe. - Europe is to remain true 
to its mission and never deny the roots of his being: Heroism and rationalism will 
Germanic and Hellenic spirit. Because the miracle Europe arose only from the marriage 
of these two elements. The blind thirst for action northern barbarians was seeing and 
fruitful by the touch of the Mediterranean 

Spiritual culture: so were warriors from thinkers, inventors of heroes. The mysticism of 
Asia in Europe threatens mental clarity - the passivism Asia threatened 
[ 122 ] 

his masculine energy. Only when Europe resists these temptations and dangers and be 
conscious of their own Hellenic and Germanic ideals - it will fight to the technical Can 
fight end to once to redeem themselves and the world. - [123] 

IX. STINNES AND Krasin 

1 ECONOMIC STATES 

Stinnes is the leader of the capitalist economy in Germany - the leader of the Krasin 
communist economy of Russia. In the following, they are regarded as exponents of 
capitalist and communist production, not as individuals. - Since the collapse of the three 
major European military monarchies there is in our Only parts of the world economy 
countries: economic issues are at the center of the inner and foreign policy: Mercury 
rules the world, as the heir of Mars - as a precursor to Apollo. The conversion from 
military to economic state government is the political expression of the fact that instead 
the war front, the labor front has moved to the forefront of the story. The age of war 
corresponded military states - correspond to the age of the work States economy. The 
capitalist state as the Communist countries are working: no more [124] 

War states - not yet civilized states. Both are dominated by the production and technical 
progress. Both controlled by the producers, as once the military states by the military: 
the Communist of the leaders of the industrial workers - of the capitalist the leaders of 
the industrialists. Capitalism and communism are equally congenial to how Catholicism 
and 

Protestantism, which maintained for centuries by extreme contrasts and with all Agents 
fought bloody. Not their differences, but their relationship is the Cause of the bitter 
hatred with which they follow each other. As long as capitalists and communists are on 
the point of view, it is permissible and necessary Kill or starve because they represent 
different economic principles people - Both are virtually at a very low level of ethical 
development. Theoretically, however, the requirements and objectives of communism 
are ethical than the Capitalism because they are based on objective and fair criteria. But 
are not relevant for technological progress ethical considerations: here is the Crucial 
question whether capitalist or communist system more efficient and is suitable to 
perform the technical liberation struggle against the forces of nature. - 

2 THE RUSSIAN FIASCO 

The success speaks for Stinnes, against Krasin, capitalist economy is flourishing, while 
the 


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communicate [125] 

nist razed to the ground. From this finding on the value of the two systems to close 
would be easy but unfair. For it must not be overlooked, under what Circumstances of 
communism took over and led the Russian economy: important for a military, political 
and social collapse, after loss Industrial areas in the fight against the whole world, under 
the pressure of years of blockade, 

long civil war and the passive resistance of the peasants, the citizens and the 
intelligentsia: plus joined the catastrophic crop failure. When all these circumstances, 
and the lower one organizational talent and education of the Russian people into account 
draws - so you can just baffled that the remains of a Russian industry have received. 

The failures of communism five years under these aggravating circumstances to the 
Want to measure success of mature capitalism would be as unjust as a compare 
newborn child with an adult man, and then determine 

the child was an idiot - while, perhaps, a nascent genius lies dormant in him. - Even 
when Communism collapsed in Russia, it would be equally naive to the social Revolution 
thus to declare dismissed - as after the collapse of the H ussite Movement would have 
been foolish to hold the Reformation done: because after a few Luther appeared 
decades and led many of the Hussite ideas to victory. - [ 

3 CAPITALIST PRODUCTION AND COMMUNIST 

The main advantage of the capitalist economy lies in its experience. It dominates all 
methods of organization and production, all strategic secrets in battle between man and 
nature and has a staff of trained officers industry. The Communism, however is forced to 
a lack of general staff and Officers to design new war plans, new organizational and 
production methods try. Stinnes can penetrate forward to retracted tracks - while Krasin 
Scouts must be in the jungle of the economic revolution. - By competition, profit and 
risk capitalism uses an unsurpassable Engine which receives the economic apparatus in 
constant motion: egoism. Everyone Entrepreneur, inventor, engineer and worker feels 
compelled the capitalist state, to harness his powers to the utmost, to avoid being 
overrun by the competition and to perish. The soldiers and officers of the labor army 
must advance, not to come under the wheels. I n the free initiative of the company is 
another advantage of capitalism, the Technology has a lot to thank. One of the most 
difficult problems of communism lies in the Avoid the economic bureaucracy, of which he 
is constantly threatened. - 

The main technical advantage of communism is that he has the opportunity samt- [127] 
tion productive forces and natural resources and summarize its economic territory to use 
efficiently according to a uniform plane. He saves all the forces of Capitalism wasted on 
the defense of competition. The principle of regularity communist economy that is doing 
it today, the Russian giant kingdom after a plans to electrify uniform rational, technically 
means a significant advantage to capitalist production anarchy. The communist labor 
army fights under unified command closed against the hostile nature - while the 
fragmented Arheitsbataillone of capitalism not only against the common enemy fight, but 
partly also against each other to defeat the competitors. Krasin also has his army firmly 
in hand as Stinnes, for the workers of the Stinnes army are aware that part of their job 
of enriching a foreign, entrepreneur is hostile, while the workers of the Krassinarmee are 
aware that they work for the communist state, its associates and supports they are. 
Stinnes appears to his workers as oppressors and enemies - Krasin as a leader and ally. 
Therefore, it may dare Krasin to ban strikes and introduce Sunday work - while 
this would be impossible for Stinnes. The Stinnes army is decomposed by growing 
discontent and mutiny (strikes) - while the Krassinarmee supported despite their 
material needs of an ideal goals. I n short, the War against the forces of nature in Russia 


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people's war - in Europe and [128] 

America is a dynastic war of kings industry. - The work of the communist worker is a 
fight for his country and its form of government - the work of the worker capitalist a 
struggle for his life. Here is the main driver the work of selfishness - there the political 
idealism is the present state of ethics, Unfortunately, selfishness, a more powerful 
engine than idealism, and thus the value of the struggle capitalist labor army larger than 
that of the communist. Communism has a rational economic plan - capitalism with a 
more powerful engine work. Capitalism is not its technical nature, but his ethical defects 
fail. The dissatisfaction of the Stinnes army will not be in the long run Can hold down 
machine guns. The pure capitalism is based on the Dependence and ignorance of the 
workers - as the military slavish obedience to the Dependence and ignorance of the 
soldiers. More independent, self-confident and educated the working class - the more 
impossible it will be for private people, they for their Private interests work permit. - The 
future belongs Krasin - about the economy of the present decision, the Russian 
Experiment. Therefore it is in the own interest of the whole world, this experiment not 
only not to interfere but to promote best efforts: only then the output would be a 
Answer to the question whether communism is capable of today's economy [129] 
reform - or whether it the necessary evil of capitalism is preferable. - 

4 MERCENARY SOLDI ERS AND WORK 

Corresponded to capitalism in the era of the war the mercenary army - the communism 
People's army. Mercenary for each time an army enlisted man was rich private and 
equip, which he commanded and salaried - such as today any large private man 
Working army can recruit and equip the salaried and he commanded. Three centuries 
ago Wallenstein played a similar role in Germany, as now Stinnes: with the help of his 
fortune he had increased in the Bohemian war, and the army, which he with the same 
advertised and talked, Wallenstein was from a private person for the most powerful 
Personality of the German Empire - like today Stinnes through his fortune, which he in 
Has increased world wars, as well, and by the press and labor army, which he advertises 
the same maintains, has become the most powerful man of the German Republic. - 
The capitalist state is the labor mercenary condottiere entrepreneurs work - in 
Communist state is the labor of a national army soldier, the salaried state Generals 
Authority. As then, the condottieri with the blood of their soldiers principalities 
conquered and founded dynasties - then conquer the modern mercenary leaders [130] 
with the sweat of its laborers wealth and positions of power and establish plutocrats- 
Dynasties. As once those mercenary leaders - just today negotiate industry kings as 
equal factors with governments and states: they direct the policy of their money, as 
once those, their power through 

The reform of the labor army that performs communism corresponds in all details Army 
form to be taken by all modern states. The army reform, the mercenary army replaced 
deurch people armies: it has the general Conscription introduced nationalized the 
military system, banned private referrals, the Landsknecht leader replaced by state 
officers and employees conscription ethically glorified. The State shall work the same 
reforms in the labor army: he proclaimed the 

general obligation to work, nationalized industry, prohibits private enterprises, replaced 
the private contractor hired by the state directors and glorified the work as moral duty. - 
Stinnes and Krasin are both powerful commander working troops against the common 
enemy to fight: the Nordic nature. Stinnes leads a modern Wallenstein Mercenary army - 
Krasin as field marshal of a working state, a people's army. While these two generals 
consider themselves enemies, they are allies, march separately, strike united. - [131] 

5 SOCIAL CAPITALISM - LIBERAL COMMUNIST 


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As the regeneration of Catholicism was a result of the Reformation, as could the rivalry 
of capitalism and communism both fertilize: if they take each other by murder, To fight 
slander and sabotage, would be limited by cultural Services to pay their higher value. No 
theoretical justification of capitalism advertises more for this system as the indisputable 
fact that the lot of American workers (some of which in- Car ride to the factory) 
practically better than the Russian, with their Employees equally hungry and starving. 
Because wealth is more important than Equality: better all be wealthy and rich as a few 
that common, even Misery prevails. Only envy and pedantry can stand up against this 
judgment. Top certainly would be universal, general wealth - but is in the future, not in 
the Present: it can bring only the technology, not politics. - 

American capitalism is aware that he is only through generous social Can claim act. He 
sees himself as manager of the national wealth, for he Promotion of inventions used for 
cultural and humanitarian purposes. Only a social capitalism, which takes as to reconcile 
themselves to the working class has View of inventory: only a liberal communism that it 
is taking to deal with the 
I ntelligence [132] 

reconcile, has views of inventory. England tried the first way, the second recently Russia. 
Against the resistance of the officers to wage a war, is on the Duration as impossible as 
against the resistance of the crew. This is also true of the Labor army: it is just as 
dependent on expert guides how to willing workers. Krasin has recognized that it is 
necessary for communism to learn from the capitalism. Therefore it promotes more 
recently the private initiative to appoint heads of state enterprises energetic and 
knowledgeable engineers with most extensive powers and Profit sharing and calls back a 
portion of the displaced industrialists: finally it supports the weak job engine idealism by 
selfishness, ambition and positive and seeks to improve the performance of the Russian 
proletariat through this mixed system. Only these methods can save the capitalist 
communism because he has seen learned that the winter and the drought are more 
cruel than all the Czar of Russia despots and Grand Duke: and that the more decisive 
war of liberation applies them. Therefore he is today the fight against famine, 
electrification and reconstruction of industry and of the railways in the center of its 
overall policy and even sacrifices these technical plans, a number of policy principles. He 
knows that his economic success or failure will determine the policy and that it depends 
on him whether the Russian Revolution ultimately leads to the redemption of the world - 
or the world disappointment. - [133] 

The abolition of private property must be the present state of ethics insurmountable 
psychological resistances fail. Yet communism remains a turning point in economic 
development from entrepreneurial to state workers - and in the political Development of 
barren system of plutocratic democracy to a new social Aristocracy of spiritual people. 

6 TRUST AND UNIONS 

As long as communism proved to be immature, the leadership in the technical To take 
liberation struggle, Krasin and Stinnes will have to agree. This is the path that leads to 
cooperation rather than to work against each other, the fanatical Stupid head of 
capitalism as communism have of themselves: only the heads heilsten both camps will 
meet in the knowledge that it is better to world culture through to save a negotiated 
peace than to destroy by a destroying victory. Then 

will be generals of the great commanders of the economy, the economy of mercenaries 
Soldiers. 

In the red economy of tomorrow, it may be as little equality between leaders and Out, as 
in the Red Army of today but the future industrialists are no longer be irresponsible as it 
is today, but the whole feel responsible. The unproductive capitalists (slider) will 
disappear from the economic life as well, as once the decorative Hofgenerale from the 


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[134] 

Army. As already often the case today, the productive capitalist is to must be intensive 
workers in his factory. By a simultaneous decrease its excessive profits will occur a fair 
balance between his work and his income. Two economic power groups begin to work in 
the capitalist countries in the To share leadership of the economy: the representatives of 
employers and workers - Trusts and Unions. Their influence on politics is growing and is 
on the parliaments Meaning outperform. They will complement each other and control as 
once the Senate and Tribunate, House of Lords and House of Commons. The conquest 
of the forces of nature and the conquest of Natural Resources will manage the trusts - 
the division of the spoils, the unions control. On the common ground of increasing 
production and perfection of technique Stinnes and Krasin will encounter: for they are 
enemies in the matter of distribution - Allies on the issue of production: they fight 
against each other on the issue of Economic method - with each other in wars humanity 
against nature. - [135] 

X. WORK FROM STATE TO STATE CULTURE 
1 CULT CHILDREN 

Our era is also the era of martial art and the preparation period of the Culture. It 
provides us with the double requirement: 1 Expansion of the working state. 2 
Preparation of Culture State. The first task is the policy at the service of the art - the 
second in the service of ethics. But the view of the coming age of the culture are 
suffering and struggling Humanity in the technological age the strength to battle with 
the forces of nature to Continue victories. The more work that the modern man over the 
medieval provides is to be Legacy to the people of the future, through this extra work he 
accumulates a capital Knowledge, and values on machines whose interest will be used to 
enjoy his grandchildren. The division of mankind into masters and slaves, forced laborers 
in culture carrier and is also now recognized: but this case start from the social to the 
Temporal 

to move. We are not [136] 

the slaves of our contemporaries - but our grandchildren. Instead of a side by side 
existing Master and Slave state is our culture considers a succession existing slaves and 
Mr. era. The world of work today building the foundations of Cultural world of tomorrow. 
As once the KulturmuRe of Lords was based on the review of the slaves - as is 
KulturmulSe of the future will be built on the revision of the present. The current 
Humanity is at the service of the next, we sow, that others reap our time works, 
researches and struggles - that a future world can buy in beauty. Occurs as a Western 
children's worship in the place of the Eastern ancestral cult. It blooms in capitalist and 
communist labor in the state: in America as in Russia. The World kneeling before the idol 
as a child, as a promise of a beautiful future. It is a dogma become, in all charity to 
commemorate the first child. I n the capitalist West the fathers are working themselves 
to death to leave richer life opportunities for their children - Living in Communist East 
and a whole generation dies in misery to their Descendants to secure a happier and 
fairer future. The piety of the European Age is directed forward. The Western cult 
children's development is rooted in faith. The Europeans see later in the better, more 
sophisticated, and he believes that his grandson will be worthy of freedom when he and 
his contemporaries: he believes that the world goes forward. While the presence of the 
Oriental Mid-sees in DC [137] 

weight between the past and the future - it appears the Europeans as rolling Ball, who 
always faster detaches itself from its past to an unknown future hastening. The Oriental 
is beyond time, the Europeans moving with the times: he pushes the From past and 
embrace his future. His story is a constant reckoning with the Past and an urge for the 


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future. Because he experienced the forward march of time means stagnation for him 
backwards. He lives in the Heraclitean world of becoming - the Orient Alien 
parmenidischen the world of being. As a result of this setting, our age is to be 
considered only from the perspective of the next. It is a time of preparation and 
struggle, and the immaturity of the transition. We are a young sex striding across the 
bridge two worlds and the beginning of untrodden cultural circle is: we experience our 
greatest feeling in the forward penetration, in Grow and struggles - not in the peaceful 
enjoyment of oriental maturity. Lust is not our Target - but freedom, not Tranquility is 
our way but fact. - 

2 WORK REQUIRED 

The expansion of the working state is a cultural duty of our age. The state is working the 
last stage of man on his way into the culture of the future paradise. Remove the working 
state, ie: all detectable workforce of nature and people rational manner in the service of 
production and technical progress. - [138] 

I n an era which builds on the foundations of future crops, no one has a right to Leisure. 
The general requirement is a technical and ethical duty to do so. An ideal program for 
the expansion of the labor government has Popper Lynkeus designed in his works: "The 
general Nahrpflicht.” He asks is that the place of military service universal, compulsory 
labor service obligation occurs, this would take several years and put the state in a 
position to each of its members a life of subsistence Food, housing, clothing, heating, 
medical care guarantee. This program could break the misery and anxiety and also the 
dictatorship of the capitalists and Proletarians. Class differences were due to the general 
obligation to work well stop acting like the implementation of compulsory military service 
in the wars of the contrast between professional soldiers and civilians. - The abolition of 
the proletariat but is a erstrebenswareres Ideal as its rule. - The most common forced 
labor is the price that Popper Lynkeus for the elimination of poverty and calls of concern. 
This forced labor through the promotion of technology and improvement of Organization 
to reduce to a minimum and eventually be replaced by voluntary work - Forms the 
second point of the program working state. The hope that Lenin in "State and 
Revolution" manifests, mankind would even after Abolition of Forced Labour voluntary 
work on, is not a utopia for the northerners. For the restless Europeans and Americans is 
in no inactivity [139] 

Satisfaction, through thousands of years of forced labor it has become second nature: he 
she needs to practice his powers and banish the specter of boredom. His ideal is active, 
not introspective. For this reason - not out of greed - most work Millionaires of the West 
restlessly on, instead of enjoying their wealth carefree: from same reason, many 
employees consider their retirement as a blow because they prefer the forced idleness, 
the usual work. - At the present state of the art, this volunteer work would be 
insufficient to banishment of necessity: yet are much revision and forced labor necessary 
to clear the way for a beautiful and free labor of the future. This path in the future pave 
the inventor. Their tireless work and still is essential and important for the culture as the 
loud bustle of politicians and artists to push to the fore in the world arena. Modern 
society is obliged to every possible way to promote their inventors and their activity: 
them they would have to Grant preferential position, which gave the Middle Ages and his 
monks and priests to offer them the opportunity to develop their inventions without 
worry. As the inventors are the most important personalities of our time, so are the 
I ndustrial workers whose main stand: for they form the vanguard in the struggle of the 
People around the Erdherrschaft and give birth to the structures that are begotten of 
inventors. - [140] 

3 PRODUCERS AND CONSUMERS STATE 


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Another duty of the state is working to raise the general well-being through Increase 
production. 

As soon as more food is thrown on the market than can be consumed - heard the 
Hunger and the blessed state of nature the bread tree country returns to a higher level 
again. Only when a city builds more homes, as it is home to families, it captures the 
Housing shortage, they only relieve through Zwangseinquartierungen, distributed and 
shifts. Only when so many cars are produced as pocket watches, each worker is car 
owner be: not by national commissioners to put in confiscated cars from bank directors. 
The wealth of a nation can permanently only by production, not by confiscation . raise - 
In the state capitalist production depends on the pricing. If it is in I nterest is the pricing, 
the producer is just as determined to destroy goods such as to produce, to inhibit the 
technique how to promote, how to reduce production to increase. If the technical and 
cultural development in accordance with its interests, it is willing to promote them - they 
are in contradiction to each other, so he decides to safe for the win against the 
technology, production and culture. It is in the permanent I nterest of producers that 
demand always about the offer - [141] 

increases - as it is in the interest of the consumers that the supply demand exceeds. The 
producer lives by the plight of the consumer: the Cereal producers live on that People 
are starving and the coal producers live on, that people are freezing. They have a 
Interest to perpetuate hunger and frost. The cereal capital would be committed to the 
Invention of a bread substitute - the carbon capital, the invention of a carbon 
compensation to sabotage, they would possibly try to buy up the subject invention and 
destroy. The workers of the production branches were with their employers solidarity in 
order not to lose work and income. The industrial entrepreneurs and workers are on the 
increase in prices of its industrial products interested - the farmers and farm workers on 
the price increase to their base products. Than Producers are conflicting wishes of the 
people - as consumers during all People have the same common goal: reduction of 
prices by increasing the Production. Another mischief of the producer is the state 
advertising. It is a necessary consequence of the Competition and struggle is the 
increase in demand by artificial awakening of human greed. This displaying and 
imposition of luxury, the Arouses covetousness, without being able to ever meet - acts 
today as a major cause of general envy, dissatisfaction and resentment. No city dwellers 
can buy all the goods displayed, the [142] 

dazzle the eyes of his expenses: he must therefore always feel poor as measured by this 
stacked, exhibited wealth and pleasures. The emotional devastation that the advertising 
havoc, leave only be eliminated by eliminating the competition, the Competition again 
can only be eliminated by moving away from capitalism. Despite the great support that 
owes the technical age of capitalism, it must not be blind to the dangers that threaten 
from this site: there must be a time 

get better system for carrying out, which avoids the failure of capitalism. The rival and 
heir of the capitalist entrepreneur State of the communist workers' state, takes over a 
part of the error of his predecessor: for there is in him a Producer group, he is a 
producer State. The cultural state of the future, however, consumers will state: its 
production is of be controlled to consumers - not, as now, the consumption by the 
producer. It is not winning - but the general welfare and culture for the sake of 
producing are: not to the producers, but for the sake of consumers. It is the future 
mission of the Parliament, the coinciding interests of all To represent consumers and to 
defend against the divergent interests of Producer groups whose voice today are still the 
deputies and parties. 

4 REVOLUTION AND TECHNOLOGY 


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The economic upheaval of the present anarchy in production to a new order in Europe 
[143] 

to create, must never forget its productive mission and must guard against the 
destructive methods of Russia to lapse. Because Europe is its northern location and 
Overpopulation more than any other continent on organized labor and industrial 
production instructed. It may not even live temporarily on the charity of his miserly 
nature; everything that has accomplished it, it owes the deeds of his labor army. Its 
radical Disorganization by war or anarchy means the Kulturtod Europe: because by a 
temporary halt of European production should at least hundreds of millions of Europeans 
starve; such a disaster could Europe, the resistance force Russia lacks not survive. - 
The ethical demands of the coming upheaval in Europe that it protects human life and 
Hallows 

the technology demands of the coming revolution in Europe, that it protects the human 
activity 

and sanctifies. Whoever kills a person willfully - transgresses the sacred spirit of the 
community, and who a Machine wantonly destroyed - presumptuously the Holy Spirit 
work. This double transgression has guilty in the highest degree of capitalism in the 
world wars, communism in 

the Russian Revolution. They knew neither reverence for human life currently human 
creativity. 

If Europe is teachable, it can learn from the Russian Revolution, which methods it may 
not apply, for her it was a cautionary tale about the importance of technology and for 
the [144] 

Revenge, which it assumes its detractors. Russia's rulers mentioned, their country and 
the world 

to ethical goals and military means alone can deliver - instead of working and Art. They 
have brought the industry and technology policies of their country to the victim. But 
while they reached for the stars of equality, they lost the bottom of the production under 
their feet - and then rushed into the abyss of misery. To get out of this abyss, in the 
degenerate peoples of Russia to save, the Communist leaders are forced to take their 
capitalist mortal enemies to call for help against the overwhelming Russian nature, once 
Napoleon's great army was shattered today and Bolshevism with the same Fatal threat. 
Europe follows the destructive example of the Russian revolution, it risks rather than a 
New to penetrate post-capitalist order, pre-capitalist in the primitiveness Barbarism sink 
back and be forced once again to capitalist epoch going through. His mental clarity, it 
may save them from this tragic fate: otherwise it was made to him as a patient who dies 
from heart failure in anesthesia - while at it an ingenious operation is completed. 

Because the heartbeat of Europe is the technique: without Technique can not live - even 
under the most liberal constitution. Prior to the distribution of goods can be paced, the 
production of goods must be saved: for what good is equality, If all starve? And what of 
inequality when no one need suffer? 

The European revolution would multiply their production, rather than to destroy them - 

their 

[145] 

Technology revive, instead of destroying it. Only then they would have a chance of 
success and lasting Achieving their ethical ideals. The technical organization and 
machinery in Europe are the foundation of his future culture, Europe is trying to set up 
this cultural building the political roof before its technical foundations are - the building 
collapsed and buried together with his 

Ruins the frivolous builder together with the unfortunate inhabitants. - 
5 DANGERS OF TECHNOLOGY 


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Where ethical demands, unless they are blind to technical necessities - has The course 
of the Russian Revolution showed, while lead technical progress if they are blind ethical 
necessities - has shown the course of World War 1 1 . Technology without ethics must 
also lead to disasters, such as ethics without technology. If Europe makes no progress in 
ethical terms, it must come from a world war in the other stagger: this will be more 
dreadful, the higher the meantime, the technique developed. Europe's collapse is 
therefore inevitable, if not ethical progress Keeps pace with the technical. Yet it would 
be equally ridiculous and cowardly, because of the Possibility of technical culture 
disasters to combat the technology as such and condemn - as it would be ridiculous and 
cowardly, because of the possibility of railway accidents, the To avoid railroad and 
verponen. [146] 

While Europe is expanding the working state, it must never forget to prepare the State 
for Culture. The support of the ethical development: teachers and priests, artists and 
writers - prepare 

man for the big feast day, which is the goal of the technology. Their significance is as 
large as that of engineers, chemists, doctors: make this the body of the coming culture - 
that the soul. Because art is the body, the soul of the ethics culture. Here is their 
contrast - here their relationship. - Ethics teaches people the right use of power and 
freedom, the technology he 

granted. An abuse of power and freedom is fatal to humans as Powerlessness and lack 
of freedom: through human malice could life in the future Period of leisure will be even 
more terrible than in the present period of forced labor. Of ethics, it depends on whether 
the technique leads man to hell or to heaven. The machine carries a J anus head: 
handled witty, she is the slave of People and its future secure his power, freedom, 
leisure and culture - mindless handled, is the machine to enslave people and rob him of 
the rest of his power and culture. Fails to make the machine to a human organ - man 
must sink to a part of the machine. Technology without ethics is a practical materialism: 
it leads to the downfall of humanity in People, and his transformation into a machine, to 
persuading the people to alienable and to give his soul to things. All technical [147] 
Progress but is harmful and worthless when the man while he conquered the world, its 
Lost soul: then it would be better if he had stayed animal. How were necessary under 
martial peoples armies and wars for the preservation of freedom and Culture - that work 
and technology are needed in poor and overpopulated parts of the world to Preservation 
of life and culture. But the army must remain subservient to political goals - the ethical 
technique. One technique that frees itself from ethics and for a Holds in itself, is just as 
disastrous for the culture as a State army, the 

emancipated themselves from the policy and considers himself an end in itself: a 
leaderless Industrialism has the culture well into the abyss - like a runaway militarism 
the state. As the body’s organ of the soul, then the technique of ethical leadership must 
submit: they must be careful not to fall into the error of the art in the Proclamation of 
I'art pour I'art has committed, for neither art nor art, nor science, nor politics are End in 
itself: they are all just paths that lead to the people - the strong, accomplished Humans. 

6 ROMANCE OF THE FUTURE 

In hard and difficult times the longing and with it the romance grows. Our time has 
given birth to a romance: everywhere the desire to encourage foreign, beautiful worlds 
to Help Us Overcome the gray monotony [148] 

our working days. The romance of modern care facilities: cinemas, theaters and novels 
are like 

Window, from which the forced laborers of the European penitentiary can also look into 


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the 

Free. - The modern romance has four main forms: The romance of the past that takes 
us back into more colorful and clearer epochs of our History: the romance of the 
distance that opens up the large east and the Wild West, the Romance of the occult, 
which penetrates into the secretive precincts of the life and soul and meets the barren 
life with wonders and mysteries; the romance of the future, the solace to people about 
the bleak today by the View on a golden morning. Spengler, Kayserling and Steiner 
come against this modern romance; Spengler provides access to the cultures of the past 
- Emperor Ling, the cultures afar - the Steiner Realm of the occult. The great impact 
that these men on the German intellectual life exercise, is partly due to the romantic 
yearning of the long-suffering peering into the past, into the distance and the sky 
German people, to comfort there finding. - In the past, into the distance and the 
imagination leads to the afterlife - in the future a reality. Therefore, neither historicism 
nor Orientalism, nor occultism as the acts actually driving force of our time - but the 
romance of the future: it has the idea of Born future state, and thus the movement of 
world socialism: it has the idea of [149] 

Testified about people and thus initiated the revaluation of values. Marx, the herald of 
the future state and Nietzsche, The Herald of superman are both romantics of the 
future. You lay the paradise either in the past - even in the distance - even in the 
hereafter: but in the future. Marx preached the coming kingdom of the world work - 
Nietzsche the coming kingdom of the world 

Culture. Everything today is concerned with the expansion of the working state, must 
take a position to socialism - everything today is concerned with the preparation of the 
civilized State must Position to take over people. Marx is the prophet of the morning - 
Nietzsche the Prophet 

the day after tomorrow. All major social and intellectual events in Europe today 
somehow to make the Work of these two men: the social and political world revolution, 
is devoted Marx'- 

the ethical and spiritual world revolution is marked by Nietzsche. Without these two men 
would be the face of Europe to another. - Marx and Nietzsche, the Herald and the social 
ideal of the future are your own special, both Europeans, men, Dynamicist. From the 
fixation of their ideals in the future arising And will need to realize them through deeds. 
Contain their dynamic ideals 

Demands: they want people to not only teach, but beat down, turning his Looking 
forward, and thus act as Umschopfer the company and the people. I n their Polarity 
reflects the essence of the European spirit and the future of European Fate. - The 
highest, last ideal of European Future [150] 

romance is not turning away - return to nature but on a higher level. In the service of 
this Ideal is the culture, ethics and technology. After hundreds of thousands of years of 
war will man again make peace with nature and return home to their realm, but not as 
her creature - but as their Lord. For man is in terms of its constitution Overthrow planet: 
yesterday it was anarchic, tomorrow they will be monarchical. One of the billions of 
creatures reaching for the crown of creation: the free, the unfolded man royal ruler of 
the earth. - [151] 

PACIFISM 1924 
1 TEN YEARS OF WAR 

The peace that was in ruins ten years ago, is not recovered to this day. In the five-year 
war period was followed by a five-year half-war period in Europe. In this Period covered 


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the Russo-Polish and the Greek-Turkish war, the occupation of the Ruhr, the Fighting in 
Upper Silesia, Lithuania, western Hungary, Fiume, Corfu, the civil wars in Germany, Italy, 
Spain, Hungary, Ireland, Greece, Bulgaria and Albania, the proliferation of political 
killings and national hatred, the collapse of currencies and the Impoverishment of entire 
peoples. The worst decade of European history since the migration forms a worse 
indictment of war than they could ever put forward and pacifists can: However, this 
defendant is neither his liberty nor his honor, still in Life have been punished, but can be 
anywhere celebrating in triumph, dictates the European Policy and prepares to pounce 
again on the peoples of Europe, in order to definitively destroy. For there is no doubt 
that, particularly as a result of the progress of military technology, Gift manufacturing 
and aviation, the next European war did not weaken this continent, but would destroy. 

To this hazard which affects him personally immediately, every European must take a 
position. It appears to him inevitable, it remains the only logical consequence of the 
emigration by a third party [155] 

Continent. It appears they averted, there remains the duty of the struggle against the 
war danger and their support: the duty to pacifism. To remain Europeans, today is not 
just a fate - but also a responsible Task, the solution of which depends the future of 
each and every individual. 

* 

Pacifism in Europe today is the only real policy. Who of a war salvation hopes are to 
romantic illusions. The majority of European politicians seem to recognize this and to 
wish for peace - 

and with them the vast majority of Europeans. This fact can not calm the pacifists, who 
remembers that in 1914 this the case was, even then, most wanted statesmen and the 
majority of the EuropeansPeace: and yet broke out against their will, the war. This 
outbreak was by an international coup of war against the minorities friendly anti-war 
majorities in Europe. This coup, long prepared, seized a favorable opportunity by 
surprise by subject and keywords the unsuspecting peoples whose fate now through 
those years Minorities remained abandoned. 

So it was a World War 1 1 through the determination of the militants and the weakness of 
Pacifists. As long as this ratio remains, a new European war every day break out. For 
now, as then there is a small but energetic minority of War large majority but energized 
peace opposite; she plays with the war, instead of him mash, they appease the 
warmongers, rather prostrate, thus creating the same Location as 1914. 

* 

[156] 

Pacifism forgets that a wolf is stronger than a thousand sheep - and that the number of 
Policy as the strategy should decide when it is well managed and well organized. This is 
the pacifism today as little as ten years ago, he Had this been even then, war would not 
be broken and he would be so today, as Europe would be faced with a new Wars safe. 
The impotence of pacifism is today as it was in the fact that quite a lot of peace want, 
but very few want it, that many fear war - but only a few it fight. [157] 

2 CRITICISM OF PACIFISM 

The passive war blame the European pacifism. His poor leadership, its Weakness and 
lack of character has encouraged the warmongers, to start the war. The supporters of 
the idea of peace, in 1914 for her ideal not timely and not strong enough have occurred 
that are responsible for the war outbreak. But if today, after this experience and 
knowledge, an opponent of the war at that 

Passivity insists he invites an even heavier blame on himself by the future war indirectly 
provides feed. A wealthy pacifist who does not finance the peace today is half a 
warmonger. 


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A pacifist-minded journalist who does not promote peace today - is also a Half 
warmongers. 

A selector which selects a candidate from within the political motives of the will for peace 
he is not convinced - so signing himself and his children half a death sentence. The duty 
of every pacifist is within its means the threat of future war to prevent, and he is doing 
nothing in this direction, it is either not a pacifist or faithless. 

* 

Pacifism has learned nothing from the war: he is now much the same as 1914. If he 
does not recognize his mistakes and not [158] 

converts, militarism is away below in the future about him. The main problem with the 
European pacifism are: Pacifism is apolitical among its leaders are too many fanatics, too 
few politicians. 

Therefore, pacifism is based on many illusions, not expecting given facts, not with 
human weakness, folly and wickedness: he draws the wrong Requirements wrong 
conclusions. Pacifism is boundless, and he does not understand his goals limit, he 
achieved nothing, because he wants everything at once. Pacifism is farsighted, he is 
reasonable in the target - but unreasonable in the media. He Want to be directed to the 
future - and leaves the presence of the intrigues of the militants. Pacifism is haphazard: 
he wants to stop the war without replacing him, its negative The aim is lacking the 
positive program of an active world politics. Pacifism fragmented, he has Sects, but no 
church, his groups work in isolation, and without a unified leadership Organization. 
Pacifism maintains appendage to be instead of center political programs, their focus is a 
domestic political setting, whereas their pacifism is more tactical than principle. Pacifism 
is inconsistent, he keeps mostly prepared a "higher ideal", ie a sent word against 
uncritically withdraw, as he has done so in 1914 and also would be willing to do in the 
future. 

* 

The greatest evil of pacifism are the pacifists. It also does not change the fact that 
among them the best and most important men find our time. These are the following 
criticism exception. [159] 

Most pacifists are dreamers who despise politics and their agents instead of operate, 
therefore they are not taken very politically to the detriment of its goals seriously. Many 
pacifists believe to change the world by preaching - rather than through action: they 
compromise the political pacifism by him with religious and metaphysical Speculations 
prevail. Usually the fear of war is the mother of pacifism. Extends this fear also the 
danger to the lives of other pacifists, so it prevents it, for the To expose cause of peace. 
The bravery and self-sacrifice of pacifists is less than that of the militants, many 
recognize the danger of war - but few bring personal or material sacrifices in order to 
avert. Instead Fighter are they quitters of pacifism, others struggle left, on whose fruits 
they participate. Many pacifists are gentle natures that are not only afraid of the war - 
but also the fight against the war, her heart is pure, but her will weak and therefore 
their combat value illusory. Most pacifists are weak persuasion - like most people, 
incapable of Mass suggestion to brave the decisive moment - they are pacifists in peace, 
Militants in the war. Only a solid organization, led by a strong will, they can permanently 
force in the service of peace. [160] 

3 RELIGIOUS AND POLITICAL PACIFISM 

The religious pacifism fought the war, immoral - the political pacifism because he is 
unprofitable. The religious pacifism sees the war is a crime - a political pacifism Stupidity. 
The religious pacifism wants to abolish war by changing the people - the political 
pacifism wants to prevent the war through changes in circumstances. - Both forms of 


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pacifism are good and right: they separately serve the human Peace and progress, only 
in their mixing them hurt each other more than they look at each good. However they 
should support each other aware: it is therefore natural that the Also ehtischer pacifist 
political arguments served to the advertising power of its propaganda to strengthen, and 
that the decision in the case, the religious pacifist pacifist policy will support - instead of 
militaristic. 

* 

In his methods but has the practical ethics of pacifism pacifism emancipate: otherwise 
he remains incapable of leading the struggle against militarism successfully. In politics, 
the Machiavellian methods of militarism have proven to be better 
[161] 

the methods of the Tolstoyan pacifism that consequently had to capitulate in 1914 and 
1919. Will the future of pacifism win, he must learn from his opponents and his 
Tolstoyan Goals with Machiavellian means follow: he must learn by robbers how to deal 
with Robbers bypasses. For who in the sense of violence throws away his gun at robbers 
helps ensure that only the robbers, only to force, only the injustice. Therefore, the 
political pacifist must acknowledge the fact that in the current politics of nonviolence not 
violence has grown, that only he can renounce violence, who, like Christianity, with 
Expects centuries. But that can not Europe: wins the peace here is not soon, so be in 
300 years only Chinese archaeologists disturb his rest churchyard. It is not enough, that 
the european peace to win: he does not win soon, his victory is illusory. 

|c 

Who wants to play a game successfully, you must submit to the rules of the game. The 
rules of the game Policy are: cunning and violence. Wants to engage in the practice of 
pacifism policy, it must be the means to Operate fighting militarism. Only after his 
victory he could change the game put right and the place of power. However, as long as 
the policy might is right, pacifism must be based on power. Lets the power he war 
friends, while he himself supported only on his right - As he does, as moralizing, only 
the future wars feed. A politician who wants to use force, like a surgeon who does not 
want to cut: Here, as there, it is important to find the right balance between too much 
and too little: otherwise the patient will die rather than recover. [162] 

Politics is the study of the conquest and the proper use of power. The inner Peace of all 
countries is maintained by law and violence would have no legal force immediately lead 
to chaos and anarchy, that is the worst form of violence. The same fate threatens the 
world peace - if its law does not support a international organization is power. Pacifism 
as a political program may therefore not reject violence: only he must they use against 
the war - instead of war. 

* 

The distrust of the peace-loving masses in the political leadership of the pacifists, the 
seemingly 

The paradox is explained by the fact that most pacifists do not speak the ABC of politics. 
Because as we entrust our representation rather a clever lawyer in a process as a clumsy 
- even if this is not so good: so put the peoples their Fate prefer skillful than in kind 
hands. The pacifists are only conquer the political confidence of the masses, when they, 
according to the Words of the Bible, not only are gentle as doves - but wise as serpents; 
when they not only noble in goals - are also skillful in the media, as their militaristic 
rivals. [163] 

4 REFORM OF PACIFISM 

The new age calls for a new pacifism. Statesmen to take its tip, rather than Dreamer, 
fighter to fill its ranks, instead of whiners! Only a state-wise pacifism can convince the 


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masses, only a heroic pacifism they carried away! The new pacifists should be optimist 
of the will - but pessimists of knowledge. They to the dangers that threaten the peace, 
neither overlooked nor exaggerate - but: fight. The claim: "A new war is impossible." is 
as false as the Statement: "A new war is inevitable.” Whether the possibility of war in 
Will transform reality of war or not depends primarily on the energy and Prudence from 
the pacifists. Because war and peace are not natural events - but People work. 
Therefore, the pacifist must take the peace against the following position: "Peace is 
threatened: Peace is possible: Peace is desirable: So we create peace! " 

* 

The new pacifism must confine its objectives to achieve them, and the only demand 
what he is determined to enforce. For the kingdom of peace can conquer only gradually 
and [164] 

Step forward in reality is more than a thousand steps in the imagination. Boundlessly 
programs attract only dreamers - whereas they repel politicians: a politician can but do 
more for peace than a thousand dreamers! 

* 

The pacifists of all nations, political parties and ideologies in need of international Policy 
form a phalanx with a single management and common symbols. A fusion of so many 
divergent groups is impossible and impractical - but their Cooperation is possible and 
necessary. The pacifism of every politician must call clarity about his position on war and 
Peace. In this vital question every voter has a right to his position candidates to know to 
know exactly under what precise circumstances, agree that the war would be, and what 
resources it intends to use to prevent the war. Only when voters as intervene in the 
foreign policy on this, instead of, as before, To be fobbed phrases and key words - could 
be mirror images of the parliaments Peace will be that animates the masses of workers, 
peasants and citizens of all nations. 

* 

The new pacifism must reform especially the pacifists. Pacifism can only win if the 
pacifists are willing to sacrifice in the struggle for peace to bring honor, money and life, 
and if the number hefty pay pacifists - the energetic action. As long as the masses of 
the militants who are prepared daily, their lives for their ideal add, heroes [165] 
see - the pacifists but weaklings and cowards, the enthusiasm for the war is be stronger 
than the enthusiasm for peace. Because the power of persuasion lies in the things - but 
force the enthusiasm in people. This power to inspire, will be stronger the more the 
pacifist fighter, apostles, Heroes and martyrs to their idea - instead of their lawyers and 
beneficiaries. - [166] 

5 WORLD PEACE PEACE AND EUROPE 

The objectives of religious pacifism and are absolutely simple - the objectives of the 
policy 

Pacifism and relatively diverse. Every political problem requires a special opinion of 
pacifism. 

There are three main types of war: the attack, defense - and the war of liberation. All 
pacifists are opponents of the war of conquest, and the way to combat it is clear 
mapped out: mutual insurance of states to the common defense Peace breaker. One 
such organization as the League of Nations in planning today guarantee pact will protect 
in future wars of conquest and the nations before them at the same time individual 
Defense Actions spare. Much more difficult is the problem of the liberation war. Because 
this is in the form of a War of aggression - in essence but a defensive war against a 
frozen conquest. One Pacifism, makes the liberation wars impossible to take the party of 


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the oppressors. On the other hand, the international legitimacy of the liberation war 
would be a carte blanche for Wars of conquest. After the liberation of oppressed peoples 
and classes is the most popular of all pretense And since it anywhere races, race splitter, 
races and classes out there that are, wars of conquest feel oppressed or are there really, 
today would be a pacifism, the liberation war, the allows practically illusory. [167] 

So here are two theories opposite: the conservative pacifism saturated peoples whose 
aim is to fight any peace breaker, preserving the status quo and the present domination 
- and the revolutionary pacifism, which aims a last world war for the liberation of all 
oppressed classes, nations and races and thus the Destruction of any future cause of 
war and the reasons - the pacifist world republics. The conservative pacifism has its 
headquarters in Geneva League of Nations - the revolutionary in the Moscow 
I nternational. 

* 

The Geneva pacifism wants to keep the peace today without eliminating the causes of 
conflict, the to lead to a future war threaten: Moscow wants the international pacifism 
Explosion accelerate to at least secure a future for the Kingdom of Peace build. It is to 
be feared that Geneva will be too weak to keep the peace - and Moscow weak to build 
it. Therefore, both tendencies threaten their radicalism to World peace. A partial solution 
to this dilemma is an evolutionary pacifism, which aims gradual reduction of the national 
and social oppression at the same time Maintenance of peace. This pacifism that such a 
narrow rope over a double abyss leads, requires skill of the highest political leader and a 
large political understanding of peoples. Nevertheless, it must be tried by all who the 
honest Want peace. 

* 

The two most difficult problems of peace are the future: the Indian and the Australian 
Problem. In the Indian question (which is a special [168] 

case of the general colonial question) to be the will of the nation to I ndian culture 
political independence and the will of Great Britain, it in his State Associations hold, 
seemingly irreconcilable. This situation irritates the Asian (Asian and half) Nations to 
unite in one day with India to a great liberation struggle. The Australian question (which 
is a special case of Pacific immigration question) turns the lockout of the Mongols from 
the Anglo-Saxon settlements. The strong Population growth of the Mongols is out of 
proportion to their lack of Settlement areas and threatens one day lead to an explosion 
in the Pacific Ocean, them when no valve is opened. On the other hand, the white 
Australians know that a Approval of the Mongols would urge shortly in the minority. 
Which solution will find this problem once when China will be as prepared as Japan, is 
indeterminate. The peaceful solution of the world problems is a very difficult task of the 
British, Asian and Australian pacifists. The European pacifists, however, must clearly 
recognize that a military solution to this Questions is more likely than a peaceful, but 
that they lack the power and influence, To prevent this impending war. 

* 

This finding explains the mission of the European pacifism: he has not the power to 
Pacifying globe - but probably he has to give the power to Europe permanent peace, by 
solving the European question and kept its part of the world before, and those in Asian 
to be involved pacific future conflicts. Consequently, should the political pacifism Europe 
learn limit and distinguish his goals, he only [169] 

want - and what he can achieve them. Without his powers to span, he must first wrestle 
in his own part of the world to the lasting peace and the Americans, British, Russians left 
and Asians in them had fallen into parts of the world to keep the peace. There but all 
must remain pacifists of the world in constant touch with each other, as many problems 


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(Especially the disarmament), can only be solved internationally, and as the international 
pacifism must try to avoid conflict between those world complexes and mediate. In 
relation to those East Asian dangers of war are the European peace issues relatively easy 
to solve. Is not an insurmountable obstacle to peace in Europe Clear. In a European war 
no one could win some but lose all everything. The winner would mortally wounded - 
the losers annihilated from this mass murder emerge. Therefore could only be a new 
European war by a crime of Militarists, through the carelessness of the pacifists and the 
stupidity of politicians. It can be prevented if every country in the war-mongers are kept 
in check, the pacifists do their duty and protect the interests of their peoples statesmen. 

* 

Securing peace in Europe, which has now become the Balkans of the world, forming a 
significant step forward for world peace. As the World War 1 1 in Europe its output took - 
this could perhaps also the world peace of Europe once take its output. Under no 
circumstances is to think of a world peace, not before the European peace in a stable 
system is anchored. [170] 

6 REAL POLITICAL PEACE PROGRAM 

The European threat of war is divided into two groups: the first is in the national 
J ustified oppression - the second in the social. Today threatening the border issues and 
the Russian question the European peace. - The essence of the border issue is that most 
European states and peoples with their current limits are dissatisfied because they 
national, economic or strategic 

Demands of the nationalists do not comply. A peaceful change of borders today is 
impossible with the current importance: hence the nationalists prepare those 
discontented States border changes by a new war before and force their neighbors to 
armor. The Russian question today is rooted in the fact that at the open eastern border 
of Europe World power group whose leaders profess it as their goal, the existing system 
in Europe violent overthrow. To achieve this goal, they support social irredenta Europe 
with money and hope to come back soon in a position this propaganda money at the 
outbreak of to be able to resend European revolution Soviet troops. 

For reasons of principle opponents of today's Russia is pacifism professes to be 
militaristic methods and organized a strong army with the help of the world map at least 
in Europe [172] 

and Asia to thoroughly change. Once this army will be strong enough, they will 
undoubtedly 

march against the West. * 

These two problems which meet at each point (Bessarabia, Eastern Galicia), daily 
threaten the peace of Europe. Any European pacifist must be with them deal and try to 
avert them. The Pan-European Programme *) is the only way these two looming war 
with real political means to prevent and secure the peace of Europe. Its aim is to: 1 
Security of intra-European peace through pan-European arbitration agreement, Warranty 
pact inch collar and minority protection. 2 Securing peace with Russia through a pan- 
European defense alliance, by mutual recognition, non-interference and limit guarantee, 
joint disarmament and economic cooperation, as well as by the reduction of social 
oppression. 3 Assurance of peace with Britain, America and East Asia through compulsory 
Arbitration agreements and regional League of Nations reform. 

* 

The Pan-Europe program is the only possible solution to the European border problem. 
Because the incompatibility of all national aspirations, and the tension between the 
makes geographically-strategic, historical, economic and national borders in Europe an 
equitable border management impossible. A change of boundaries 


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*) See: Pan-Europe "by RN Coudenhove Kalergi (Pan-Europe-Verlag, Vienna). 

[172] 

overcome old injustices, but set new in its place. Therefore, a solution to the European 
border problem is possible only through its elimination. The two elements of this solution 
are: A. The conservative element of the territorial status quo, the existing limits 
stabilized, thus preventing the impending war; As the revolutionary element in the 
gradual elimination of borders in strategic, economic and national terms, which destroys 
the germs of future wars. These border security, coupled with their degradation, 
preserving the formal structure Europe, while changing its nature. Thus, it ensures both 
the present and future peace, economic and national development in Europe. 

* 

The other European war danger is Russian. The Russian militarization arises one hand, 
the fear of anti-Bolshevik invasion, supported by Europe would - on the other hand, the 
will, in a sign of social liberation war of aggression against Europe to lead. Therefore it 
must be the goal of the European pacifism be equal to Russia before a European and 
secure Europe against a Russian attack. The first is by honest desire for peace possible - 
the second by military superiority. This military Superiority in Europe without increasing 
its armor immediately reached by a pan-European defense alliance. The European 
pacifism must not this military superiority in an arms race degenerate [173] 
leave, but they must to base a Russian-European disarmament and understanding 
making. 

* 

Europe does not have the possibility of Russia's political leaders whose System is 
expansive to change. Since it can not persuade the same for peace, they must force for 
peace. If a neighbor is peacefully oriented, the other calls warlike, as pacifism that 
military superiority is on the side of peace. A reversal this ratio means the war. It is a 
delusion of many pacifists in their own arms limitation the safe way to To see peace. 

May the peace calls disarmament - under other circumstances but armor. Would, for 
example, England and Belgium in 1914 has strong armies, so would the English 
mediation proposal just before the disaster more likely to Had acceptance. 

If today about a people from pacifism to conscientious refusal to confess, while his 
Neighbor lurking on the opportunity to attack it, so it does not promote peace but the 
War. If another nation increases its armor to protect his peace and thereby provoked a 
peaceful neighbors to the arms race - as it promotes not peace, but the war. Each 
problem calls for peace individual treatment. Why Europe can not today Peace same 
methods against England and Russia apply. 

The peace with England, whose policy is stable and pacifist, can be based on contracts - 
of peace with Russia, which is located in a revolution and its war plans against the 
European system is not denied, requires military fuses. [174] 

It would be as apolitical and unpazifistisch to the Soviets over to contracts to leave - like 
England against the fleet. On the other hand has the European pacifism to be ready, a 
pacifist Russia, which disarms and its intervention plans honest waived as to face, such 
as the pacifist England. 

* 

Europe pacifists must never forget that Russia on behalf of the social relief upgraded and 
that millions of Europeans would interpret a Russian invasion as a liberation war. This 
war is so imminent, the more they believe in the masses of Europe in order to attacks. 

As the national hazards of war can be averted only by a permanent reduction of national 
oppression, can this social danger of war be averted only by reducing the social 
oppression. The social irredenta Europe will only fall of the Moscow I nternational if you 


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The practical evidence is provided that the location and the future of the workers in the 
democratic countries is better than in the Soviet Union. Manage the communism of the 
Against Beweiss, then no foreign policy of Europe before the revolution and the terminal 
Preserve Soviet Russia. 

* 

This shows the close connection between domestic and foreign policy, between freedom 
and 

Peace. Since every oppression, whether it is now nationally or socially, the seed of war in 
brings to the fight against oppression is an essential part of the Struggle for peace. [175] 
Each suppression forces the oppressor to maintain a military force Oppressed and their 
allies but for warmongering. Conversely, a war and Armaments policy the government in 
power, the strongest instrument for internal political Oppression in the hand: the army. 
Therefore, the European and world peace only then be permanently secured if the 
religions, nations and classes will cease to suppressed feeling. This is the reason why 
peaceful foreign policy goes hand in hand with liberal Domestic policy - war policy 
abroad but with oppression inside. [176] 

7 PROMOTING PEACE OF THOUGHT 

Besides the Erkampfung his pacifist foreign policy of peace program should not Missed 
opportunity to promote international cooperation and understanding. This determines 
the attitude of pacifism, the League of Nations. Today the League of Nations as a peace 
institution is very imperfect, and he is especially difficult burdened by the legacy of the 
war that gave him birth. He is weak, unarticulated, unzuverlaGlich, he is also a torso, so 
long as the United States, Germany and Russia to stay away from him. Nevertheless, the 
League of Nations is the first draft of a 

international organization of states of the world, which will replace the existing anarchy 
States 

is to come. He has the immense advantage of existence against all better institutions 
only 

Projects. So every pacifist must support the weak, frail, embryonic League of Nations: he 
will criticize him but do not fight; work on his transformation - but not to its destruction. 

* 

Each pacifist should help to eliminate the stupid ethnic hatred, and all the harm no 
benefits. This he does best by spreading the truth and fighting the malicious and 
ignorant national hatred. [177] 

Because a major cause of national hatred is that the people do not know each other and 
seen only in distorted images after the statements of a chauvinist press and literature. 

To to combat these distortions should pacifism create an enlightening folk literature, 
Promote translations, as well as the exchange of professors, teachers, students and 
children. By international agreement, the chauvinist agitation against foreign nations is in 
School and Press be fought ruthlessly. To promote the idea of peace and the fight 
against warmongering should in all States arise peace ministries, keep in touch with each 
other and with all pacifist organizations at home and abroad to serve the international 
reconciliation. 

* 

One of the main tasks of pacifism is the introduction of an international Understanding 
language. Because before the people can talk to each other can be difficult from require 
them that they understand each other. An international language would have the 
purpose that every man his home Native speaker while he is in dealing with members of 
other nations of the Understanding language served. As needed every man who leaves 
his home, only one Understanding language to master, while today it needs more foreign 
languages. As the only international language Esperanto and English are eligible. Which 


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of these both languages is selected for international transport is irrelevant next to the 
Demand that the world agrees on one of these two languages. [178] 

The English language has over Esperanto the great advantage that they half in Australia, 
Asia, Africa and America as well as in large parts of Europe already the role of a has 
assumed international language, so that in these areas their official Introducing only the 
sanction of an existing practice would be. Then comes that they in their Intermediate 
position between the Germanic and Romance languages for Germans as for Novels is 
easy to learn, as well for Slavs, who already has a Germanic or Romance Dominate 
language. I n addition, English is the language of the two most powerful kingdoms of the 
earth and the most common mother tongue of the white man. The introduction of 
international auxiliary language could by a proposal of the League made mandatory, it 
first in all secondary schools and teacher training institutions in the world introduce and 
after a decade in the elementary schools. 

* 

Entails the dissemination of information and the fight against human ignorance rapid 
prospects for success of the peace propaganda in itself, as the spread of Humanity and 
the struggle against evil. Because human beliefs are changing more rapidly than human 
instincts. And Peace movement would have it, at least in Europe, did not need to in the 
human heart appelieren - if they could rely to some extent on the human mind. As the 
Enlightenment with witch burnings, torture and slavery is finished - it is one day with 
the war, that relic of a barbarous age of 
Humanity, are finished. [179] 

When this will happen is uncertain, that this will happen, definitely. The pace depends on 
the pacifists. That the people of hundreds of thousands of years, finally have learned to 
fly, was much more wonderful and improbable than that one day will learn to live in 
peace with each other. - [180] 

8 PEACE PROPAGANDA 

The peace propaganda is the necessary complement to the policy of peace: because the 
pacifist 

Policy in the short term - the pacifist propaganda in the long term. The peace 
propaganda alone is unable to prevent the imminent war, since they be required for the 
effect of at least two generations, the peace policy alone unable to secure the 
permanent peace because of the rapid development in our age Sphere of politics is 
hardly enough for two generations. The peace policy can best through great skill a 
pacifist temporary create order, however, to offer the possibility of peace propaganda, 
the people morally disarm and to convince them that the war was a barbaric, impractical 
and obsolete means to host international differences is. For, as long as this knowledge 
has not established itself internationally and as long as people there who regard war as 
the most appropriate means to achieve their political goals, peace can not be based on 
disarmament, but only to the military superiority the pacifists. Complete disarmament is 
possible only after the victory of the idea of peace - as the Abolition of the police would 
be possible only after the extinction of crime: otherwise leads the abolition of the police 
to the dictatorship of comparison [181] 

breaking - the abolition of the army to the dictatorship of the war. 

* 

The pacifist propaganda directed against the war instincts, interests and war War ideals. 
The struggle against war must be guided by their instincts Weakness and distraction and 
by strengthening the opposite instincts. Above all, it is the nations of war to wean and so 


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their instincts war to die leave, such as smoking, drinking and morphine by their failure 
to exercise their inclinations store. The means for weaning War is peace. The sport is 
very appropriate, the human, especially the male martial instincts of the war to divert 
setting. It is no coincidence that the peoples of Europe sportliebendsten (British, 
Scandinavians) are the most peaceful at the same time. Only the fighter is an exception: 
it preserves the most primitive form of struggle and strengthens the murder instincts, 
instead of deriving it. It has a lot to preserve the European militarism contributed to that 
in many European countries, the hunting of the main sports of the ruling Box and men 
was: because the hunting educates easy to disregard foreign life and 
blunts against bloodshed. 

r 

The condemnation of the war must never degenerate to a conviction of the fight. Such 
Derailment of pacifism would only striking arguments against the militants in the hands 
play and compromise the pacifism ethically and organically. After fighting and fighting 
spirit are the creator and sustainer of human culture. The end the [182] 

Struggle and the death of the human struggle instincts would be tantamount to End and 
death of the culture and the people. The fight is good, only the war is bad because he of 
a primitive, crude and outdated form international struggle is like the duel a primitive, 
crude and obsolete form of the society. Goal of pacifism is not the abolition of the fight, 
but the refinement, Sublimation and modernize its methods. 

* 

Nowadays, the economic struggle in the form of terms to replace the military: Boycott 
blockade and take the place of the war, the political strike in place of the revolution. 
China has with the weapon of the boycott won several political battles against Japan and 
Gandhi attempted to perform this bloodless method the Indian liberation struggle. A time 
will come when instead of the national rivalry with knives and lead balls with spiritual 
weapons will be fought. Instead wettzurusten, then the nations will vying with each 
other in scientific, artistic and technical achievements in J ustice and social welfare, in 
public health and public education and in the 
Bringing forth great personalities. 

* 

The second task of the peace propaganda is the struggle against the war interests. This 
propaganda is the peoples and individuals the low chances of Profits and the enormous 
risk of losing evidence, with the result that the Present war [183] 
has become a bad, risky and unprofitable business. As for the people, has Norman 
Angell *) provided that evidence already before the war and the World War II has 
confirmed his thesis shiny. Whether from a national point of a victorious liberation war of 
India or a conquest Australia would outweigh the sacrifices by the Mongols, likes remain 
an open question: safe 

however, is that economic in a new European war the victors, political, and national 
respect severely damaged, would emerge from the struggle, while the conquered people 
would be destroyed forever. The potential for profit is no relation secure losses. 

* 

Personally interested in the war are only ambitious politicians and the military on the one 
hand, which Hope for glory - and greedy war contractors on the other hand, the shops 
are hoping for. This Groups are very small, but very powerful. The first group, in 
democratic states of a resolute pacifism be sidelined: politicians, who put their ambitions 
on the welfare of their peoples, should serve as Criminals are treated. Of the officers is 
often claimed that their warlike attitude is professional duty. In States whose policy is 
pacifist, this would be a serious mistake, because there is the army not as a means of 


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conquest, but as a necessary weapon against foreign war will. 

It would therefore be necessary that the very officers are trained to pacifists, but heroic 
Pacifists who are always ready to give their lives for the preservation of peace and feel 
as a crusader in the fight against the war. 


*), The false statement "by Norman Angell. 

[184] 

The industrialists who yearn for the war because of the war profits should noted is that 
probably at the output of the next European war, Bolshevism stands. Thus, they 
expected with a probability of about 50% at the end of the war Expropriation, if not the 
gallows. The business of war loses his views by this Stimulus. Because after all, it 
appears advantageous for the industry, with the relatively narrow but to settle for safe 
gains peace, instead of the bold but life-threatening Grab war profits. This argument is 
important because it deprives the war propaganda their golden motor and the peace 
propaganda feeds. 

* 

The peace propaganda must also human imagination against future war mobilize. You 
must educate the masses about the dangers and horrors that they in Case of war 
threaten: the new rays and gases that entire cities can ausmorden; about the impending 
war of extermination, the less against the front, as against the hinterland would judge; 
across the political and economic consequences that such a war for winners and 
vanquished would entail. This propaganda needs of the weak and the weak human 
memory human imagination help out: for the people had more imagination - there 
would no more war. The will to live would be the strongest ally of pacifism. 

* 

The war instincts are raw and primitive - the war interests problematic and dangerous - 
the mendacious war ideals and outdated. [185] 

They live on the forgery, the indentifiziert war with combat, warrior heroes, Imagination 
with bravery, fear with cowardice. They originate from a lost era, from subdued 
conditions. They were once dominated by a warrior caste and uncritically accepted by 
free nations. Once the warrior was the keeper of the culture, the war hero, the hero 
itself, the war, the Element of life of the people whose fate was decided by their bravery 
in the field. Since then, the war has become unchivalrous, his methods mean, its ugly 
forms, and the personal bravery is not crucial: the place of the gallant beauty of a Mass 
Tournament has entered the wretched ugliness of a mass slaughter house. The 
mechanized war of today has lost its former romance forever. From an ethical 
standpoint, the defense organized self-defense war - a war of aggression organized 
murder. Worse still, peaceful people are violently forced other to poison peaceful people 
and tear. The blame for this instigated mass murder does not meet the performers, but 
the 

I nstigator. These are instigators in democratic states immediately the war friendly MPs 
indirectly their voters. Whosoever therefore afraid to commit a murder, it should 
consider carefully whom he called his Confidence man sends to parliament! [186] 

9 NEW HEROISM 

The renewal of the heroic ideal of pacifism smashes the main weapon of militarist 
propaganda. Nothing gives a stronger advertising militarism force than the 
Monopolization of heroism. 

Pacifism would commit through a struggle against the heroic ideal suicide, he would 
have 

thus lose all his precious trailer: for the awe of the heroism of the Measure of human 
generosity. 


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Pacifism is to try and compete in the hero-worship with militarism, it to excel in 
paganism. But at the same time he is the hero of his term from medieval Free shell and 
fill it with the entire contents of a modern ethics. The knowledge must force themselves 
that the heroism of Christ a higher form of development represents as the heroism of 
Achilles - and that the physical heroes of the past only Precursors are the moral heroes 
of the future. 

* 

No honest pacifist will try to deny the heroism of the men who over the Military force 
have also used on the front their life for their ideals; voluntarily their Framiliengluck, 
have returned to their comfort, their safety and health to to fulfill their duty. Your 
heroism is the question of whether they right or wrong [187] 

Prerequisites went out, not touched. Nothing could be meaner than the mockery of this 
Fleroism. 

The antithesis of this hero make those demagogues who, in Bureau, meetings Editorial 
offices and parliaments rushed and rushing to war, then, far from the front, the lowest 
abuse to trade with foreign heroism. The attempt of some militants to monopolize the 
heroism of the war party, 

just as dishonest as the attempt of some nationalists for their party feeling to the 
National monopolize. After all, who wants to save his people from the greatest disaster 
in world history, is 

at least as patriotic as the one to lead it through a victorious war to new power hopes: 
only builds on this misconception that to be true. Today, there are some countries in 
Europe, where it is perilous for peace enter as the war in these countries prove the 
apostle of peace a greater 
Fleroism than war Apostles. 

* 

The most severe and unjust insult to a people but it is when a state, namely the officer 
class, monopolized the hero character for themselves because there is heroism in each 
Professional, quiet and great heroism, without glory, without romance and without shiny 
facade: the heroism of the working of the mind and the heroism of motherhood, the 
heroism of the Conviction. 

And who studied the biographies of the great artists, thinkers, scientists, inventors and 
doctors, 

will learn to understand that there is also another heroism than that of the warriors and 
adventurers. 

* 

Everyone is a hero, his private interest his ideal victim [188] 
brings: the greater the sacrifice, the greater the heroism. Who is not afraid, is not 
heroic, but unimaginative. Heroic is only those who his ideals to love overcomes the fear. 
The greater his fear is - the greater its Overcoming and his heroism. 

* 

Europe has freed itself from the domination of feudalism - but not from the rule of the 
feudal values. This is the heroic ideal has become as outdated and rotten as the Concept 
of honor. Only a renewal can save them. The honor of a people and a nation to become 
independent of foreign operations and are determined solely by their own deeds. The 
principle must prevail, that the honor of a nation will never be hurt by is that their flag is 
pulled from somewhere down drunk: but only in that her judges are biased, bribed their 
officials, their statesmen are faithless, that they 

exiled or murdered their best sons that they provoked weaker neighbors, minorities 
oppressed, neglected their obligations and contracts breaks. This new code of honor are 


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all issues that due honor peoples stuff divide and drift into war, stop by itself: for every 
nation there is then as his 

Consider honorable duty to make another not to the satisfaction of honor, but to to 
maintain or restore their own national honor. The shape of this satisfaction is then be 
easily determined by arbitration. - [189] 

Pacifism has the current and the next generation to the heroism Conviction educate. The 
lie and Gesinnungsfeigheit were to blame for the outbreak of War, they have nurtured 
and get it to finally stamp their peace impose. That is why the fight against the lie is also 
a struggle against the war. The Heroism is a heroism of peace of mind, the conviction of 
His self-control, and only then it can triumph over the heroism of the militants. This 
heroism of peace is more difficult and less common than the war. It is difficult to curb 
his passions, as his team; heavier, his own character discipline, as an army of recruits. 
And many of the concerns an enemy without a Could run bayonet into the body, can not 
find the courage, conviction a friend confess over. This moral cowardice is the breeding 
ground of all demagoguery, and the militaristic: for fear of appearing cowardly, today 
deny their inner million Pacifism, for they are rather to be a coward than to apply for a 
coward. The victory of the idea of peace therefore is intimately connected with the 
victory of the moral Heroism that is willing to sacrifice everything rather than the 
conviction and to purify themselves against all persuasion, extortion and attempted 
bribery of an impure time. 

* 

Such peace heroes of pacifism is first in all European countries to organize volunteer 
army of peace. This peace army is recruited from heroes as barbaric war and 
nonsensical political means and as an enemy of mankind reject [190] 
and at any time are willing to make any sacrifice for their pacifist beliefs. First, these 
fighters of peace to as propagandists and agitators that their idea Millions flock to 
yourself, who want peace. But the army of peace must also be willing be the decisive 
moment of danger to march against the war and peace to save through their active 
intervention. At the top of this peace army men are to enter, connect the statesmanlike 
insight with an unyielding and unwavering desire for peace. Only when such leaders 
stand at the head of such fighters, Europe can hope to never be overwhelmed and 
crushed in a war. [191] 


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